Internationale Ermittler: Raketensystem für Abschuss von MH17 kam aus Russland


Mehr als zwei Jahre nach dem – inzwischen als gesichert geltenden – Abschuss eines Passsagierflugzeugs über der Ukraine hat ein gemeinsames Untersuchungsteam der betroffenen Länder (Australien, Belgien, Malaysia, die Niederlande und die Ukraine), am (heutigen) Mittwoch einen neuen Bericht zu dem Abschuss vorgelegt. Kernaussage des Joint Investigation Teams (JIT): Das Buk-Flugabwehrsystem, mit dem der Flug MH17 abgeschossen wurde, kam aus Russland und kehrte auch dorthin zurück.

Einen schriftlichen Bericht des JIT gibt es öffentlich nicht, aber neben der Präsentation eine offizielle Zusammenfassung:

The Joint Investigation Team (JIT) is convinced of having obtained irrefutable evidence to establish that on 17 July 2014, flight MH-17 was shot down by a BUK missile from the 9M38-series. According to the JIT there is also evidence identifying the launch location that involves an agricultural field near Pervomaiskyi which, at the time, was controlled by pro-Russian fighters. (…)
The JIT has been able to identify a large part of the route concerning the arrival and the departure of the BUK-TELAR. (…) The system was transported from Russian territory into eastern Ukraine and was later transported on a white Volvo truck with a low-boy trailer. The truck was escorted by several other vehicles and by armed men in uniform.
After the BUK missile had been fired, the BUK-TELAR initially drove off under its own power. A short time later it was reloaded onto the Volvo truck and transported back to the Russian border. During the night, the convoy crossed the border into the territory of the Russian Federation.

Eine Aussage über die Täter vermeidet die Untersuchungskommission ausdrücklich:

Now that we have established what happened, the investigation now focuses on the perpetrators. This will be a matter for the long haul. So far, the JIT has identified approximately 100 people who can be linked to the downing of MH17 or the transport of the BUK-TELAR. The JIT has been investigating these people through various sources, such as intercepted telephone conversations and witness statements.
In addition, an investigation is conducted into the chain of command. Who gave the order to bring the BUK-TELAR into Ukraine and who gave the order to shoot down flight MH17? Did the crew decide for themselves or did they execute a command from their superiors? This is important when determining the offences committed by the alleged perpetrators.

In der öffentlichen Wahrnehmung im Westen ist die Zuweisung allerdings, wenig überraschend, eindeutig:

New York Times: Russia Implicated in Shooting Down Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 Over Ukraine

A Dutch-led investigation has concluded that the powerful surface-to-air missile system that was used to shoot down a Malaysia Airlines plane over Ukraine two years ago, killing all 298 on board, was trucked in from Russia at the request of Russian-backed separatists and returned to Russia the same night.
The report largely confirmed the already widely documented Russian government role not only in the deployment of the missile system, called a Buk, or SA-11, but the subsequent cover up, which continues to this day.

BBC: MH17 missile ‚came from Russia‘, Dutch-led investigators say

International prosecutors investigating the downing of flight MH17 over eastern Ukraine in 2014 say the Buk missile that hit the plane was from Russia.
They also narrowed down the area it was fired from to a field in territory controlled by Russian-backed rebels.

Und das russische Dementi, via Sputnik News:

„Russia is disappointed that the situation regarding the Boeing crash is not changing. The conclusion of the Dutch prosecutors confirm that the case is biased and politically motivated,“ ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said in a statement.

Der Deutungskrieg um den Abschuss wird damit weitergehen.

(Foto mit freundlicher Genehmigung von Jeroen Akkermans)