Milizen als Problem: Vergewaltigung und Schutzgelderpressung in Kundus

Die Menschenrechtsorganisation Human Rights Watch (HRW) hat heute einen Bericht zum zunehmenden Problem der Milizen, aber auch der Afghan Local Police (ALP) in Afghanistan vorgelegt. Diese bewaffneten Organisationen,  als Teil des afghanischen Sicherheitsapparates eingesetzt, gehen in manchen Bereichen rücksichtslos gegen die Bevölkerung vor – und dann bisweilen schlimmer als es die Aufständischen tun.

Die Mitteilung von HRW (einschließlich eines Links zum kompletten Bericht) findet sich hier. Das Vorgehen der Milizen in der Provinz Kundus nimmt darin einen breiten Raum ein.

Das ausführliche Kundus-Kapitel bedarf erst mal der sorgfältigen Lektüre, auf den ersten Blick finden sich allerdings schon Einzelheiten wie dieser aus dem Distrikt Imam Sahib bei Kundus, die einen erschauern lassen:

On January 24, 2010, the local mullah, Rahmatullah, along with sub-commander Zulmai (a relative of Commander Sarbaz who controls militias in several villages), and three other armed men, went to the home of two sisters-in-law in the village of Baika. The men gang raped the two women at gunpoint, having tied up their husbands. Habibullah S. [pseudonym], husband of one of the women, told Human Rights Watch:

There were five people, all armed. They came to my house and they tied my hands and my brother’s hands. Then they raped my wife and my brother’s wife. I was with my brother, but we had no firearms. So we could not do anything. If I had been armed I could have fought them, I could have fought them to the end of my life. They would have killed me but it would have been worth it.

Habibullah S. said their wives had been harassed by Rahmatullah in the weeks before the gang rapes. He explained:

The mullah was behind it. Before this three times the mullah came to my house, with bad intentions, to do something to our wives. Our wives said, “We don’t want any men here, why are you coming?” After the last time, my wife went to the mosque, took hold of his clothes with other people there, and told him not to come again. After that he became so angry with us that he sent these men to us.

A local human rights investigator confirmed the account. He told Human Rights Watch that the mullah had reportedly told the man and his brother that they should “control their wives.”

On January 25, 2010, the authorities arrested Rahmatullah and charged him only with illegal entry. He was found guilty by a primary court on March 10, 2010, and sentenced to six months, of which he served three.

The other four assailants were never arrested. Habibullah S., says that they are untouchable:

They have powerful connections, that’s why they are still walking freely in the district…. They are part of the arbaki. There are lots of arbakis in the villages, and they are all thieves. They are involved in robbery, in stealing, sometimes they take money from your pocket, and say if you complain I will kill you…. There are no laws, no rules. They have weapons, they can kill people, they can go into houses and do anything to you.

ISAF hat bislang (schriftlich) mit kurzen Erklärungen auf dem Kurznachrichtendienst Twitter reagiert:

#ISAF spox: #UNAMA & HRW reports re: #Afghan prisions & security orgs will be closely evaluated to determine next steps

Human Rights Watch rpt potentially has way ahead in refining/improving areas, tho parts dated/incorrect. We’ll invsgt, work w/AFG partners

#ISAF welcomes fair criticism, but we’ll cont to support build-up of ANSF, w/ a view on accountability & openness