Ukraine/Russland/NATO – der Sammler am 28. Januar 2023

Nachgetragen fürs Archiv: Zum andauernden russischen Angriffskrieg gegen die Ukraine der Sammler am 28. Januar 2023:

• Die Debatte über eine mögliche Ausrüstung der Ukraine mit westlichen Kampfjets nimmt weiter an Fahrt auf – vor allem in den USA, wie das Nachrichtenportal Politico berichtete:

A contingent of military officials is quietly pushing the Pentagon to approve sending F-16 fighter jets to Ukraine to help the country defend itself from Russian missile and drone attacks, according to three people with knowledge of the discussions. (…)
“I don’t think we are opposed,” said a senior DoD official about the F-16s, speaking on condition of anonymity to discuss a sensitive debate. The person stressed that there has been no final decision.However, Ukraine has yet to declare that fighter jets are its top priority, the official stressed, noting that the Pentagon is focused on sending Kyiv the capabilities it needs for the immediate fight.

Nach ukrainischen Angaben laufen die Gespräche zwischen Kiew und einigen westlichen Regierungen darüber bereits, heißt es bei AP:

Ukraine and its Western allies are engaged in “fast-track” talks on the possibility of equipping the invaded country with long-range missiles and military aircraft, a top Ukrainian presidential aide said Saturday.
Mykhailo Podolyak, an adviser to Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy, said Ukraine’s supporters in the West “understand how the war is developing” and the need to supply planes capable of providing cover for the armored fighting vehicles that the United States and Germany pledged at the beginning of the month.

In Deutschland wird dieser Wunsch der Ukraine dagegen ablehnend betrachtet – auch (oder weil?) recht offensichtlich ist, dass die ukrainische Regierung vor allem an den US-Kampfflugzeugen interessiert ist, weniger an Maschinen aus den Beständen der Luftwaffe. Dennoch sprach sich nach Bundeskanzler Olaf Scholz in den vergangenen Tagen nun auch Verteidigungsminister Boris Pistorius in einem Interview der Süddeutschen Zeitung dagegen aus:

SZ: Keine Kampfflugzeuge, wie sie der ukrainische Vizeaußenminister Andrij Melnyk fordert?
Pistorius: Ich halte das für ausgeschlossen.
SZ: Warum?
Pistorius: Kampfflugzeuge sind viel komplexere Systeme als Kampfpanzer und haben eine ganz andere Reichweite und Feuerkraft. Da würden wir uns in Dimensionen vorwagen, vor denen ich aktuell sehr warnen würde.

• Der Rüstungskonzern Rheinmetall kündigte eine Ausweitung seiner Munitionsproduktion an. Das Unternehmen plane außerdem, die in der Ukraine erfolgreich eingesetzten US-Mehrfachraketenwerfer HIMARS in Deutschland in Lizenz zu produzieren, sagte Firmenchef Armin Papperger in einem Reuters-Interview:

German arms-maker Rheinmetall is ready to greatly boost the output of tank and artillery munitions to satisfy strong demand in Ukraine and the West, and may start producing HIMARS multiple rocket launchers in Germany, CEO Armin Papperger told Reuters. (…)
„We can produce 240,000 rounds of tank ammunition (120mm) per year, which is more than the entire world needs,“ Papperger said in an interview with Reuters. The capacity for the production of 155mm artillery rounds can be ramped up to 450,000 to 500,000 per year, he added, which would make Rheinmetall the biggest producer for both kinds of ammunition. (…)
At the same time, Rheinmetall is in talks with Lockheed Martin(LMT.N), the U.S. company manufacturing the HIMARS (High Mobility Artillery Rocket System) multiple rocket launchers in heavy use with Ukrainian troops, Papperger said.

• Das britische Intel Update:

Russia highly likely suffered more than 300 casualties in a strike on troop accommodation at Makiivka near Donetsk City on 01 January 2023. We assess that the majority were likely killed or missing, rather than wounded.
Following the strike, the Russian Ministry of Defence took the rare step of publicly acknowledging it had suffered casualties, claiming 89 killed.
Russian officials likely assessed that it was not viable to avoid comment in the face of widespread criticism of Russian commanders over the incident.
The difference between the number of casualties Russia acknowledged and the likely true total highlights the pervasive presence of disinformation in Russian public announcements.
This typically comes about through a combination of deliberate lying authorised by senior leaders, and the communication of inaccurate reports by more junior officials, keen to downplay their failings in Russia’s ‘blame and sack’ culture.

• Das Morgenbriefing des ukrainischen Generalstabs:

Situation update of General Staff of UAF regarding russian invasion as of 6.00 a.m., January 28, 2023
Day 339 of the full-scale russian military aggression begun.
Over the past 24 hours, the russian occupiers launched 26x air strikes and 10x missile strikes, of them 1x hit civilian infrastructure in Zaporizhzhia. In addition, russian forces conducted 81x MLRS attacks, including against the civilian objects in the town of Ochakiv. The attacks caused casualties among civilian population.
The threat of enemy air and missile strikes remains high across Ukraine.
The enemy continues to conduct offensive operations on Bakhmut, Avdiivka and Novopavlivka axes. Kupyansk, Lyman, Zaporizhzhia and Kherson axes – russian forces stay on the defensive.
Over the past 24 hours, Ukrainian Defense Forces repelled attacks in the vicinities of Bilohorivka (Luhansk oblast); Rozdolivka, Krasna Hora, Bakhmut, Ivanivske, Klishchiivka, Druzhba, Vodyane, Marjinka, Pobieda, Vuhledar, and Prechistivka (Donetsk oblast).
Volyn, Polissya, Sivershchyna and Slobozhanshchyna axes: no significant changes, no russian offensive groupings identified.
Sivershchyna axis: the vicinities of Mykolaivka (Chernihiv oblast); Rozhkovichi and Bachivsk (Sumy oblast) came under mortar fire.
Slobozhanshchyna axis: the enemy does not stop shelling Ukrainian settlements along the contact line. The vicinities of more than 30x settlements came under enemy fire, including Huryiv Kozachok, Krasne, Starytsya, Okhrimivka, Varvarivka, Novomlynsk, Dvorichna, Zapadne, and Kupyansk (Kharkiv oblast).
Kupyansk and Lyman axes: the enemy shelled the vicinities of more than 25x settlements, including Ivanivka, Kislivka, Krokhmalne, and Berestov (Kharkiv oblast); Novoselivske, Makiivka, Chervonpopivka, and Dibrova (Luhansk oblast).
Bakhmut axis: the vicinities of more than 40x settlements, including Spirne, Verkhnokamianske, Rozdolivka, Vesele, Bilohorivka, Bakhmut, Chasiv Yar, Klishchiivka, Kurdyumivka, Mayorsk, Druzhba, Pivnicnhe, Zalizne, and Toretsk (Donetsk oblast) suffered enemy attacks.
Avdiivka axis: Berdychi, Avdiivka, Vesele, Vodyane, Nevelske, Krasnohorivka, Marjinka, and Novomykhailivka came under enemy fire.
Novopavlivsk axis: the enemy shelled Bohoyavlenka, Vuhledar and Zolota Niva.
Zaporizhzhia axis: More than 30x settlements, including Zalizne, Illinka, Vremivka, and Novopil (Donetsk oblast); Olhivske, Poltavka, Malynyvka, Chervone, Hulyaipole, Staroukrainka, Charivne, Orihiv, Novodanilivka, Novoandriivka, and Kamyanske (Zaporizhzhia oblast), suffered enemy attacks.
Kherson axis: the vicinities of Zolota Balka, Havrylivka, Dudchany, Chervyn Mayak, Monastyrske, Tomarine, Burgunka, Tyaginka, Komysany, and Kherson were subjects to enemy MLRS, artillery and mortar attacks.
During the past day, Ukrainian Air Force conducted 8x air strikes on the concentrations of russian troops, weapons and military equipment, and attacked 1x russian anti-aircraft missile system.
Ukrainian forces shot down 1x Su-25 jet, 1x Mi-8 transport helicopter and 2x “Supercam” type UAVs.
During the day, Ukrainian missile and artillery troops attacked 2x command posts, 2x positions of russian anti-aircraft systems, and 5x concentrations enemy troops.

• Das Briefing des russischen Verteidigungsministeriums:

Russian Defence Ministry report on the progress of the special military operation in Ukraine (28 January 2023)
The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation continue the special military operation.
In Kupyansk direction, Army Aviation and the artillery of the ‚Vostok‘ Group of Forces have neutralised the concentrations of manpower and hardware from 14th and 92nd mechanised brigades of the Armed Forces of Ukraine (AFU) near Sinkovka (Kharkov region), and Novosyolovskoye (Lugansk People’s Republic).
Up to 25 Ukrainian personnel, 1 armoured fighting vehicle, 2 pickups, 1 Gvozdika self-propelled howitzer, and 1 U.S.-manufactured M-777 artillery system have been eliminated.
In Krasny Liman direction, Operational-Tactical and Army aviation, as well as the artillery of the ‚Tsentr‘ Group of Forces have neutralised the units from 103rd Territorial Defence Brigade, 25th Airborne and 95th Airborne Assault brigades of the AFU near Vishnyovoye (Kharkov region), Yampolovka (Donetsk People’s Republic), and Serebryanskoye forestry.
The enemy has lost over 50 Ukrainian personnel, 1 infantry fighting vehicle, 2 armoured fighting vehicles, and 1 U.S.-manufactured M-777 artillery system.
In Donetsk direction, successful offensive operations of the ‚Yug‘ Group of Forces have resulted in taking more advantageous lines and positions.
Over 30 Ukrainian personnel, 1 infantry fighting vehicle, 2 motor vehicles, 1 Grad multiple-launch rocket system (MLRS), 1 Pion self-propelled artillery system, 1 Giatsint-B howitzer, 2 Msta-B howitzers, 1 U.S.-manufactured M-777 artillery system, as well as 1 U.S.-manufactured AN/TPQ-37 counterbattery warfare radar have been eliminated.
In South Donetsk and Zaporozhye directions, the units from the ‚Vostok‘ Group of Forces continued their successful offensive operations, and neutralised the enemy near Ugledar, Novosyolka, Novomayorskoye (Donetsk People’s Republic), and Lugovskoye (Zaporozhye region).
2 AFU ordnance and hardware depots have been destroyed near Vodyanoye (Donetsk People’s Republic), and Nikolskoye (Zaporozhye region).
The enemy has lost up to 70 Ukrainian personnel, 2 infantry fighting vehicles, 3 armoured fighting vehicles, 2 pickups, 3 D-20 and D-30 howitzers, as well as 1 Gvozdika self-propelled howitzer.
Operational-Tactical Aviation, Missile Troops and Artillery of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation have neutralised 86 artillery units of the AFU at their firing positions, manpower and military equipment in 124 areas.
Fighter Aviation of Russian Aerospace Forces has shot down 1 MiG-29 airplane of Ukrainian Air Force near Krasnoarmeysk (Donetsk People’s Republic).
In addition, 9 Ukrainian unmanned aerial vehicles have been shot down near Vladimirovka, Kremennaya (Lugansk People’s Republic), Tabayevka (Kharkov region), Nikolskoye (Donetsk People’s Republic), and Zherebyanka (Zaporozhye region).
Moreover, 8 rocket-propelled projectiles, launched by HIMARS and Olkha MLRS, have been intercepted near Donetsk and Valeryanovka (Donetsk People’s Republic).
In total, 381 airplanes, 204 helicopters, 2,976 unmanned aerial vehicles, 402 air defence missile systems, 7,656 tanks and other armoured fighting vehicles, 992 fighting vehicles equipped with MLRS, 3,944 field artillery cannons and mortars, as well as 8,198 special military motor vehicles have been destroyed during the special military operation.

• Das Abendbriefing des ukrainischen Generalstabs:

Situation update of General Staff of UAF regarding russian invasion as of 6 p.m., January 28, 2023
Day 339 of the russian full-scale invasion continues.
russian federation launched 1x missile strike on civilian infrastructure of the city of Kostiantynivka (Donetsk oblast). Total number of enemy MLRS attacks exceeded 15x. There are civilian casualties.
The threat of enemy air and missile strikes remains high across Ukraine.
Losing a large number of troops, russia attempts further offensive operations on Bakhmut, Avdiivka, and Novopavlivka axes. However, the enemy stays on the defensive on Kupyansk, Lyman, Zaporizhzhia, and Kherson axes.
Volyn, Polissya, Sivershchyna, and Slobozhanshchyna axes: no changes, no offensive groups of the enemy identified. Certain units of russian 6th Motorized Rifle Division, 3rd Army Corps undergo training in belarus.
Sivershchyna axis: the vicinities of Hai, Khrinivka, Mykolaivka (Chernihiv oblast), Volfyne, Muraveinya, Seredyna Buda, Stara Huta, Rozhkovychi, and Bachivsk (Sumy oblast) came under mortar fire.
Slobozhanshchyna axis: the vicinities of Hur’yiv Kozachok, Krasne, Starytsya, Okhrimivka, Varvarivka, Novomlynsk, Dvorichna, Zapadne, Neskuchne, Ternova, and Kupyansk (Kharkiv oblast) suffered mortar and artillery attacks.
Kup’yans’k axis: the enemy shelled positions of Ukrainian troops in the vicinities of Ivanivka, Kyslivka, Krokhmal’ne (Kharkiv oblast), Novoselivske (Luhansk oblast), and Berestove (Donetsk oblast).
Lyman axis: the enemy shelled Makiivka, Chervonopopivka, and Dibrova (Luhansk oblast) with mortars and artillery.
Bakhmut axis: the enemy shelled the vicinities of 18x settlements, including Spirne, Verkhnokamyanske, Rozdolivka, Bakhmut, Chasiv Yar, Klishchiivka, Kurdyumivka, and Maiorsk (Donetsk oblast).
Avdiivka axis: Berdychi, Avdiivka, Vodyane, Nevelske, Vesele, Krasnohorivka, Maryinka, and Novomykhailivka came under enemy fire.
Novopavlivka axis: the adversary shelled Bohoyavlenka, Vuhledar, and Zolota Nyva (Donetsk oblast).
Zaporizhzhia axis: 15x settlements were shelled, including Vremivka, Novopil’ (Donetsk oblast), Malynivka, Chervone, Hulyaipole, Charivne, Orikhiv, and Novodanylivka (Zaporizhzhia oblast).
Kherson axis: the vicinities of settlements of Mykhailivka, Havrylivka, Dudchany, Kachkarivka, Chervonyi Mayak, Kozats’ke, Tyahynka, Komyshany, and Kherson came under artillery fire.
The occupiers continue to exert moral, psychological, and physical pressure on the local residents. For example, employees of Zaporizhzhia NPP who did not sign an employment contract with the occupiers were denied access to the plant, and the workers who were forced to sign the contract were announced salary cuts, arguing that the plant has not been operational.
The adversary continues to suffer losses. In particular, city hospital in Tokmak (Zaporizhzhia oblast) alone has received up to 50x wounded occupiers in recent days. Most of them are sent back to the front line after having been rendered formal aid.
During the day of January 28, Ukrainian Air Force launched 4x air strikes on the concentrations enemy troops. Ukrainian missile and artillery units attacked 2x command posts, 2x air defense positions, and 3x concentrations of enemy troops.