Ukraine/Russland/NATO – der Sammler am 13. September 2022 (neu: Telefonat Scholz/Putin)

Im andauernden russischen Angriffskrieg gegen die Ukraine bestätigen die USA und Großbritannien im Wesentlichen die von der Ukraine gemeldeten Erfolge der jüngsten Vorstöße – auch wenn die weitere Entwicklung unklar bleibt. Und: Offensichtlich wird in den USA derzeit nicht eine Lieferung von Kampfpanzern an die Ukraine erwogen. Der Sammler am 13. September 2022:

• Aus dem Briefing des Pentagon am (gestrigen) Montagabend:

So, today is 201 of Russia’s illegal and unprovoked large-scale invasions of Ukraine. There’s certainly plenty of reporting on Ukraine’s forward movement over the past day, so I’ll aim to keep that in context of what we’ve seen in more than six months of fighting. And as always, we’re sensitive to the fact that Ukrainians are actively engaged in combat operations as they fight to defend their nation and take back territory from Russia’s invasion. So, I won’t talk to potential future operations or discuss areas that could violate operations security, and we’ll leave it to the Ukrainians to describe their operations, but it’s clear they’re fighting hard.
Generally, around the battlefield, overall, we assess the Ukrainians are making progress as they fight to liberate and reclaim territory in the south and east. On the ground in the vicinity of Kharkiv, we assess that Russian forces have largely ceded their gains to the Ukrainians and have withdrawn. To the north and east many of these forces have moved over the border into Russia. We also assess that Ukrainian forces have very likely taken control of Kupiansk and Izium in addition to smaller villages. Notably, we’re aware of anecdotal reports of abandoned equipment, Russian equipment, which could be indicative of Russia’s disorganized command and control. It is our assessment that Russian forces continue to focus effort from Seversk to Bakhmut, and Bakhmut continues to appear to be the focus of where Russian forces are trying to gain ground. We continue to see heavy use of artillery and airstrikes.
Zaporizhzhia, as many of you have likely seen, the IAEA has reported the last reactor has been shut down and put into its safest state. And we continue to observe shelling in the area near the plant. In the vicinity of Kherson, we continue to see deliberate and calibrated operations by the Ukrainians to include some moderate forward movement. And on the maritime side, in terms of the maritime picture, we would assess the Russians have about a dozen ships underway in the Black Sea that includes caliber capable ships that have contributed to strikes in Ukraine and supporting the Russian invasion. We also continue to see grain shipments moving safely. In the air, we assess the airspace over Ukraine remains contested, and that Russians have conducted increased airstrikes over the weekend, many impacting civilian infrastructure which have contributed to widespread blackouts.
In terms of providing the strategic context, you know, this continues to be a tough fight for the Ukrainians. Clearly, they’ve gained back some ground near Kharkiv, and they continue to conduct counter offensive operations in the south. And so, I don’t think there’s any misconception that this will continue to be a tough fight. And, again, our focus will be to continue to work closely with the Ukrainians and the international community to provide them with the support that they need, as they push back on the Russian invaders.

In diesem Briefing gab es auch die gezielte Frage nach der Diskussion über die Lieferung von westlichen Kampfpanzern an die Ukraine, mit der Antwort in feinstem Ministeriumssprech:

Q: What’s the DoD perspective at this point on the battle tank discussion?

SENIOR DEFENSE OFFICIAL: You know, again, the Ukrainians are showing that they are quite effective in the counter offensive in using armor as part of their counter offensive. So, clearly, that kind of capability is important. But we don’t have any specific plans about a specific capability at this point for that medium to longer term thinking about actual programs of provision.

Ergänzung: Es ist wenig sinnvoll, auch hier die ganze innenpolitische deutsche Debatte zum Thema Panzerlieferungen an die Ukraine nachzuzeichnen – aber ein paar Merkposten dennoch:

Der ukrainische Außenminister Dmytro Kuleba meldete sich via Twitter

und ebenso die US-Botschaft in Deutschland:

Wir wissen die militärische Unterstützung Deutschlands für die Ukraine zu schätzen und werden uns weiterhin eng mit Berlin abstimmen. Die Politik der Vereinigten Staaten hat sich nicht geändert.
Wie Botschafterin Gutmann in ihrem Interview am 11.9. erklärte, rufen wir alle Verbündeten und Partner dazu auf, der Ukraine im Kampf um ihre demokratische Souveränität so viel Unterstützung wie möglich zu gewähren.
Die Entscheidung über die Art der Hilfen liegt letztlich bei jedem Land selbst.

Rheinmetall hat unterdessen nach einem Bericht der ARD-Tagesschau 16 Schützenpanzer Marder instandgesetzt und für einen Export vorbereitet, eine Genehmigung gibt es nicht:

Der Rüstungskonzern Rheinmetall hat auf eigene Kosten 16 Marder-Schützenpanzer aus alten Bundeswehrbeständen weitestgehend wiederhergestellt, das teilt das Unternehmen auf Anfrage von NDR und ARD-Hauptstadtstudio mit. Sie seien auslieferfähig, doch bislang gebe es für diese keine Ausfuhrgenehmigung durch die Bundesregierung. Mit der Aufbereitung 14 weiterer Marder habe Rheinmetall bereits begonnen. Bei Bedarf könnten noch 70 weitere Fahrzeuge aus Altbeständen wieder nutzbar gemacht werden.

• Aus der regelmäßigen Videoansprache des ukrainischen Präsidenten Wolodymyr Selenskyj am (gestrigen) Montagabend:

From the beginning of September until today, our warriors have already liberated more than 6,000 square kilometers of the territory of Ukraine – in the east and south. The movement of our troops continues.
I am thankful to the 57th separate motorized infantry brigade, which has recovered from heavy fighting in the east and is advancing very bravely, very confidently in the south direction.
I am thankful to the 59th separate motorized infantry brigade for steadily moving forward despite everything – despite the features of the open terrain, despite the artillery of the occupiers.
I am thankful to the fighters of the 128th separate mountain assault brigade for the liberation of several settlements and very effective actions to neutralize the enemy’s activity. Guys, you are true heroes!
Separately, I want to thank our anti-aircraft fighters today. Yesterday, we all saw the consequences of the Russian strikes. But at the same time, most of the terrorists‘ missiles were shot down. Nine of the twelve missiles were shot down. Seven missiles were shot down by warriors of the 138th Dnipro anti-aircraft missile brigade of the „East“ air command, and two missiles were shot down by the sky defenders of the 96th Kyiv anti-aircraft missile brigade of the „Center“ air command. Thank you, our defenders!

• Das britische Intel Update:

Elements of the Russian forces withdrawn from Kharkiv Oblast over the last week were from the 1st Guards Tank Army (1 GTA), which are subordinate to the Western Military District (WEMD).
1 GTA suffered heavy casualties in the initial phase of the invasion and had not been fully reconstituted prior to the Ukrainian counter-offensive in Kharkiv.
1 GTA had been one of the most prestigious of Russia’s armies, allocated for the defence of Moscow, and intended to lead counter-attacks in the case of a war with NATO.
With 1 GTA and other WEMD formations severely degraded, Russia’s conventional force designed to counter NATO is severely weakened. It will likely take years for Russia to rebuild this capability.

• Das Morgenbriefing des ukrainischen Generalstabs:

Operational update regarding the russian invasion as of 06:00, on September 13, 2022
The two hundred-second (202) day of the heroic resistance of the Ukrainian people to a russian military invasion continues.
The enemy continues to focus its efforts on establishing control over the territory of Donetsk oblast, maintaining the temporarily captured territories and disrupting the offensive of our troops in certain directions.
The enemy conducts aerial reconnaissance and inflicts fire damage on the units of our troops, tries to take measures to restore the lost position, moves its troops. A further threat of air and missile strikes remains on the entire territory of Ukraine.
The enemy continues its tactics of terror and intimidation of the civilian population. The cities of Kharkiv and Lozova were hit. Airstrikes and shelling from anti-aircraft missiles damaged the infrastructure in the areas of the settlements of Bilohorivka, Vesela Dolyna, Zaytseve, Yuryivka, New York, Pervomaiske, Kamianka, Stepove, Mali Shcherbaki, Sukhy Stavok, Kostromka, Bila Krynytsia, and Myrne.
In general, during the past 24 hours, the russian occupiers launched two missile strikes, twenty-five air strikes, and carried out eleven MLRS strikes on military and civilian objects on the territory of Ukraine.
The situation in the Volyn and Polissya directions has not changed significantly.
In other directions, the enemy shelled the infrastructure with mortars, tanks, combat vehicles, barrel and jet artillery:
in the Siversky direction – near Atynske and Stukalivka, Sumy oblast;
in the Kharkiv direction – in the districts of Kozacha Lopan, Baranivka and Kupiansk;
in the Kramatorsk direction – in the areas of the settlements of Pryshyb, Bilogorivka, Kramatorsk, Sloviyansk, Staryi Karavan, Starodubivka, Spirne, Rozdolivka and Hryhorivka;
in the Bakhmut direction – in the areas of the settlements of Sukha Balka, Mykolayivka Druha, Zaitseve, Soledar, Bakhmutske, Bakhmut, Vesela Dolyna;
in the Avdiyivka oblast – the settlements of Avdiyivka, Orlivka, Lastochkyne, Krasnohorivka, Vodyane, Maryinka and Novomykhailivka;
in the Novopavlivskyyi direction – near Vuhledar, and Prechystivka, Novoukrainka and Vremivka;
in the Zaporizhzhya region – in the areas of Kamyanske, Mala Tokmachka, Shcherbaky, Charivne, Nesteryanka, Orihiv, Bilohirya, Zaliznychne, Temyrivka, Novopole and Vremivka settlements.
Enemy artillery shelling along the contact line was recorded in the South Buh direction. In addition, the enemy carried out aerial reconnaissance by UAVs – they made 23 flies.
Due to heavy losses during the hostilities, the level of morale and psychological state in the units formed in the temporarily occupied territories decreased significantly. According to available information, in order to improve the state of combat readiness of the 2nd Separate Motorized Rifle Brigade of the 2nd Army Corps, the command of the brigade issued an order not to pay stipends to servicemen who are temporarily absent, in particular, undergoing treatment. Resumption of payments occurs only after the presentation of supporting documents and with the personal permission of the commander.
The defense forces successfully repelled enemy attacks in the areas of Zayitseve, Bakhmut, Bakhmutske, Krasnohorivka, Vodyane, Bezimenne and Novohrihorivka settlements.
During the day, the aviation of the Defense Forces carried out nine strikes – damage was inflicted on seven strongholds and places where the enemy’s manpower and equipment were concentrated, and two positions of his anti-aircraft missile systems were destroyed. Losses of manpower and equipment of the occupiers are clarified.
Over the past day, units of missile forces and artillery hit command and control points, areas where the enemy’s manpower and combat equipment are concentrated. The radio-electronic warfare complex, the „Zoopark“ radar station, artillery units and ammunition depots fell into the affected area.
Up to two hundred bloody war crimes committed by the Russian occupiers are recorded every day on the temporarily occupied and already liberated Ukrainian territories. Mine danger in liberated towns and villages remains high, with more than seventy thousand square kilometres in ten oblasts mined with ammunition and explosives. The defense forces are taking measures to return peaceful life to the liberated communities as soon as possible.

• Das Briefing des russischen Verteidigungsministeriums:

Russian Defence Ministry report on the progress of the special military operation in Ukraine (September 13, 2022)
Russian Aerospace Forces, missile troops and artillery launch massive fire attacks at the units of the Armed Forces of Ukraine (AFU) at all operational directions.
High-precision attacks laucnhed by Russian Aerospace Forces have resulted in the neutralisation of provisional bases of the units from 95th Airborne Assault Brigade near Slavyansk and Konstantinovka, 115th Mechanised Brigade near Artyomovsk and 53rd Mechanised Brigade near Kurdyumovka.
Moreover, the list of neutralised targets includes the units from 35th Marine Brigade near Bereznegovatoye, 57th Mechanised Infantry Brigade near Murakhovka (Nikolayev region), 128th Mountain Assault Brigade near Balabino (Zaporozhye region), as well as from 14th Mechanised Brigade near Kharkov.
The attacks have resulted in 800 casualties among Ukrainian servicemen and foreign mercenaries.
Operational-tactical and army aviation, missile troops and artillery have neutralised 12 command posts near Serebryanka, Verkhnekamenskoye, Ivano-Daryevka, Vesyoloye, Soledar, Zaytsevo and Pavlovka (Donetsk People’s Republic), Uspenovka and Gulyaypole (Zaporozhye region), Shirokoye, Kiselyovka and Novogrigorovka (Nikolayev region), as well as 47 artillery units, 152 AFU manpower and military equipment concentration areas.
The list of the destroyed targets includes 5 missile, artillery armament and munitions depots near Pavlovka and Temirovka (Zaporozhye region), Novopol (Donetsk People’s Republic), Velikoye Artakovo and Olenovka (Nikolayev region).
Aviation of Russian Aerospace Forces has destroyed 1 Mi-8 helicopter of Ukrainian Air Force near Ochakov (Nikolayev region).
Air defence means have shot down 6 unmanned aerial vehicles near Barvinki and Petrovka (Kherson region), Kiselyovka (Nikolayev region), Kamenskoye, Zaliznichnoye (Zaporozhye region), as well as near Vladimirovka (Donetsk People’s Republic).
In addition, 7 rocket-propelled projectiles have been destroyed in air near Novaya Kakhovka and Kiselyovka (Kherson region).
In total, 293 aircraft and 154 helicopters, 1,944 unmanned aerial vehicles, 374 air defence missile systems, 4,900 tanks and other armoured combat vehicles, 834 combat vehicles equipped with MRLS, 3,385 field artillery cannons and mortars, as well as 5,506 units of special military equipment have been destroyed during the special military operation.

• Das Abendbriefing des ukrainischen Generalstabs:

Operational update regarding the russian invasion as of 18:00, on September 13, 2022
The two hundred-second (202) day of the heroic resistance of the Ukrainian people to a russian military invasion continues.
The enemy continues to focus its efforts on attempts to fully occupy the Donetsk oblast, hold the temporarily captured territories and disrupt the active actions of our troops in certain areas.
russian occupiers continue shelling our positions along the contact line, try to take measures to regroup their troops in separate directions, conduct aerial reconnaissance. There remains a threat of enemy air and missile strikes throughout the territory of Ukraine.
The enemy continues to attack civilians and civilian infrastructure objects, violating the norms of International Humanitarian Law, the laws and customs of war. Infrastructure in the areas of the settlements of Bilohorivka, Mykolaivka, Verkhnyokamyanske, Vesela Dolyna, Zaitseve, Yuryivka, New York, Pervomaiske, Kamianka, Vremivka, Stepove, Mali Shcherbaky was damaged by russian air strikes and missile strikes, fire from enemy anti-aircraft missiles , Suhyi Stavok, Kostromka, Bila Krynytsia and Myrne.
During the day, the enemy carried out 2 missile strikes, 8 air strikes and conducted 13 strikes from rocket artillery systems on objects on the territory of Ukraine.
The situation in the Volyn and Polissya directions has not changed significantly. As part of the command and staff exercise at the „Brestsky“ training ground, the armed forces of the republic of belarus rehearsed the action with live fire to repulse the attack of a conditional enemy, with its subsequent displacement outside the country.
In other directions, the enemy fired at our infrastructure from tanks, mortars and artillery, namely:
in the Severskyi direction – in the areas of Myhalchyna Sloboda, Hai, Chernihiv oblast, and Kharkivka, Tovstodubove, Hudove, Atynske, and Stukalivka, Sumy oblast;
in the Kharkiv direction – Kozacha Lopan, Baranivka, Kupyansk;
in the Kramatorsk direction – Yaremivka, Mayaki, Pryshyb, Bilohorivka, Sloviyansk, Kramatorsk, Stary Karavan, Starodubivka, Spirne, Verkhnyokamianske, Rozdolivka, Hryhorivka and Zakitne;
in the Bakhmut direction – Sukha Balka, Mykolaivka Druha, Zaitseve, Soledar, Bakhmut, Bakhmutske, Vesela Dolyna, Yakovlivka and Vyiyimka;
in the Avdiyivka direction – Avdiyivka, Orlivka, Lastochkine, Krasnohorivka, Opytne, Vodyane, Pervomaiske, Maryinka and Novomykhailivka;
in the Novopavlivsk direction – Vuhledar, Prechystivka, Novoukrainka and Vremivka;
in the Zaporizhzhya region – Kamiyanske, Mala Tokmachka, Shcherbaki, Mali Shcherbaki, Charivne, Nesteryanka, Orihiv, Bilohirya, Hulyaipilske, Zaliznychne, Temyrivka and Novopil.
More than 25 settlements were hit by artillery fire in the South Buh region. In addition, the enemy intensively carried out aerial reconnaissance by UAVs, making about 70 sorties.
russian occupation troops continue looting. Thus, on the section of the Starobilsk – Luhansk highway, in the direction of Luhansk, about three hundred civilian cars, mostly with state license plates of the Kharkiv oblast were spotted. Most of the vehicles with trailers loaded with looted property are driven by russian military personnel. A similar trend is observed in settlements of temporarily occupied territories in the south of Ukraine. In the city of Pology, Zaporizhzhya oblast, russian occupiers break down the gates of private garages and take private cars from local residents. In Nova Kakhovka, Kherson region, the invaders began to massively remove furniture and household appliances from temporarily abandoned settlements.
russian military leadership is taking measures to replenish the occupying army with junior officers. According to available information, the early graduation of the cadets of the 5th year of the „Black Sea Higher Naval School named after Nakhimov“ was announced in December of this year. Also, early graduations will take place in other educational institutions of the Ministry of Defense of the russian federation.
The shortage of tactical-level commanders is due to the refusal of reserve officers to sign contracts amid recent events. The level of morale and psychological state of the enemy’s personnel continues to decrease. Among the occupiers, the practice of self-mutilation is becoming more and more widespread in order to get treatment at a medical institution and to avoid participating in hostilities on the territory of Ukraine. A significant part of servicemen do not return to military units after the end of their vacations.
Defense forces successfully repelled enemy attacks in the areas of Zaytseve, Odradivka, Bakhmut, Bakhmutske, Vesela Dolyna, Avdiivka, Bezimenne and Novohrihorivka settlements.
During the day, in order to support the actions of the ground groups, the aviation of the Defense Forces carried out two strikes on the positions and places of concentration of the enemy’s manpower and equipment.
Units of the Missile Forces and artillery inflicted damage on command and control points, areas of concentration of manpower and combat equipment of the enemy. It was also confirmed that on September 11 of this year, the enemy’s ammunition depots in the Kherson area were destroyed.

• Am Dienstagabend telefonierte Bundeskanzler Olaf Scholz mit dem russischen Präsidenten Wladimir Putin. Das Gespräch in der Darstellung beider Seiten:

– die Mitteilung von Regierungssprecher Steffen Hebestreit:

Bundeskanzler Olaf Scholz hat am heutigen Nachmittag (13. September) mit Russlands Präsidenten Wladimir Putin telefoniert. Das Gespräch erfolgte im Nachgang zu dem Telefonat des Bundeskanzlers mit dem ukrainischen Präsidenten Selenskyj in der vergangenen Woche (7. September). Das 90-minütige Gespräch war dem andauernden russischen Krieg gegen die Ukraine und seinen Folgen gewidmet.
Der Bundeskanzler drängte angesichts der Ernsthaftigkeit der militärischen Lage und der Konsequenzen des Krieges in der Ukraine gegenüber dem russischen Präsidenten darauf, dass es so schnell wie möglich zu einer diplomatischen Lösung komme, die auf einem Waffenstillstand, einem vollständigen Rückzug der russischen Truppen und Achtung der territorialen Integrität und Souveränität der Ukraine basiert. Der Bundeskanzler betonte, dass etwaige weitere russische Annexionsschritte nicht unbeantwortet blieben und keinesfalls anerkannt würden.
Der Bundeskanzler forderte den russischen Präsidenten auf, gefangengenommene Kombattanten gemäß der Vorgaben des humanitären Völkerrechts, insbesondere der Genfer Abkommen, zu behandeln sowie einen ungehinderten Zugang des Internationalen Komitees vom Roten Kreuz sicherzustellen.
Mit Blick auf die Lage am Atomkraftwerk Saporischschja betonte der Bundeskanzler die Notwendigkeit, die Sicherheit des Atomkraftwerks zu gewährleisten. Der Bundeskanzler forderte in diesem Zusammenhang, jegliche Eskalationsschritte zu vermeiden und die im Bericht der Internationalen Atomenergieagentur empfohlenen Maßnahmen umgehend umzusetzen.
Der Bundeskanzler und der russische Präsident sprachen zudem über die globale Lebensmittellage, die infolge des russischen Angriffskrieges besonders angespannt ist. Der Bundeskanzler hob die wichtige Rolle des Getreideabkommens unter der Ägide der Vereinten Nationen hervor und appellierte an den russischen Präsidenten, das Abkommen nicht zu diskreditieren und weiter vollständig umzusetzen.
Der Bundeskanzler und der russische Präsident vereinbarten weiterhin in Kontakt zu bleiben.

– die Mitteilung des Kreml (aus dem russischen Original; englische Fassung liegt noch nicht vor):

Wladimir Putin hat ein Telefongespräch mit dem Bundeskanzler der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Olaf Scholz, geführt.
Das Hauptaugenmerk lag dabei auf der Situation rund um die Ukraine im Zusammenhang mit der speziellen Militäroperation Russlands. Wladimir Putin wies den Bundeskanzler  insbesondere auf die eklatanten Verstöße gegen das humanitäre Völkerrecht durch die ukrainische Seite hin, auf den anhaltenden Beschuss von Städten im Donbass, der zum Tod von Zivilisten und zur vorsätzlichen Beschädigung der zivilen Infrastruktur führte.
Die Sicherheit des Kernkraftwerks Saporischschja (ZNPP) wurde diskutiert. Der russische Präsident sprach ausführlich über die Maßnahmen, die in Abstimmung mit der IAEO ergriffen werden, um den physischen Schutz des Kernkraftwerks Saporischschja zu gewährleisten, das ständigen Raketenangriffen aus der Ukraine ausgesetzt ist, wodurch die reale Gefahr einer Katastrophe großen Ausmaßes entsteht.
In einem Meinungsaustausch über die Umsetzung des am 22. Juli in Istanbul unterzeichneten Getreideabkommens betonte Wladimir Putin dessen „Paketcharakter“ und erläuterte den Kern der Besorgnis über die unausgewogene Geografie der Getreidelieferungen aus der Ukraine auf dem Seeweg, von denen nur ein kleiner Teil die bedürftigsten Länder erreicht. Gleichzeitig gibt es keine Fortschritte bei der Beseitigung von Hindernissen für den Export russischer Produkte und Düngemittel. Die russische Seite hat ihre Bereitschaft bekräftigt, große Mengen an Getreide auf ausländische Märkte zu liefern und auch die in europäischen Häfen blockierten Düngemittel kostenlos in die bedürftigen Länder zu bringen.
Auf die Frage des Bundeskanzlers antwortete Wladimir Putin, dass Russland dem Internationalen Komitee des Roten Kreuzes Zugang zu Kriegsgefangenen gewähre, während Kiew dies nicht tue.
Bei der Beschreibung der aktuellen Situation im europäischen Energiesektor betonte Wladimir Putin, dass Russland ein zuverlässiger Energielieferant sei und bleibe, der alle seine vertraglichen Verpflichtungen erfülle, während Störungen wie bei der Gaspipeline Nord Stream 1 auf antirussische Sanktionen zurückzuführen seien, die die Wartung der Pipeline verhinderten. Angesichts der Blockade der Gaslieferungen über die Ukraine und Polen durch die Behörden der betroffenen Länder und der Weigerung, Nord Stream 2 in Betrieb zu nehmen, wirken die Versuche, die Schuld für die europäischen Energieversorgungsprobleme auf Russland abzuwälzen, sehr zynisch.
Es wird vereinbart, die Kontakte fortzusetzen.
(Übersetzt mit