Abdul Raschid Dostum (im Foto oben 2.v.r.) ist ein mächtiger Mann in Afghanistan. Dass er offiziell Vizepräsident des Landes ist, dürfte noch am wenigsten bedeuten – als einer der ehemaligen (wobei der Begriff ehemalig dehnbar ist) Warlords, also Milizenführer des Landes stützt sich seine Macht auf politischen Einfluss ebenso wie auf Vermögen und Bewaffnete unter seinem Kommando.
Werden in der zunehmend instabilen Sicherheitslage am Hindukusch die Warlords wie Dostum wieder die Geschicke bestimmen? Die New York Times hat sich die Rolle des Regionalfürsten und Vertreters der uzbekischen Bevölkerungsgruppe mal genauer angesehen:
Mr. Dostum’s actions have been publicized here as the bravery of a battle-hardened general. But in what is supposed to be a year that tests the ability of the Afghan security forces to fend off enemy threats on their own, his moves have also raised a serious question: Amid a territory-gobbling insurgent offensive, will the strongmen and former warlords prominent in the Afghan government honor the national security system, or will they remobilize militias that in the 1990s caused the chaos that gave rise to the Taliban in the first place?
Die ganze Story hier: Afghan Vice President Raises Concerns by Turning to Militias in Taliban Fight
Nachtrag 20. August: Nur eine von etlichen Meldungen aus Nordafghanistan in diesen Tagen:
At least two civilians, as many policemen and three militants have been killed during separate security incidents in Afghanistan’s northeastern Kunduz province, said officials on Thursday.
The Imam Sahib district chief, Amanuddin Quraishi told media that two policemen were killed in a roadside bombing while they were patrolling in Pul Arbab Khalil area of the district. (…)
Meanwhile, in another incident of violence, three bomb planters were killed when the bomb they were planting in Aqi Bai area went off.
According to local media, Taliban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid claimed that two policemen were killed in a roadside bombing in Chahar Dara district of Kunduz.
(Foto: U.S. ambassador to Afghanistan, James B. Cunningham signs the Bilateral Security Agreement (BSA) with Afghan National Security Adviser Hanif Atmar and NATO Ambassador Maurits Jochems signs the NATO Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) on behalf of allies in Kabul on Tuesday, Sept. 30, 2014 – Photo by U.S. State Department)