Ukraine/Russland/NATO – der Sammler am 3. September 2022

Nachgereicht fürs Archiv: Zum andauernden russischen Angriffskrieg gegen die Ukraine der Sammler am 3. September 2022:

• Das Statement der Internationalen Atomenergieagentur (IAEA) zur Situation rund um das Atomkraftwerk Saporischja, das inzwischen nur noch über eine Notleitung ans Stromnetz angebunden ist:

Ukraine’s Zaporizhzhya Nuclear Power Plant (ZNPP) has once again lost the connection to its last remaining main external power line, but the facility is continuing to supply electricity to the grid through a reserve line, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) was informed at the site today.
Less than 48 hours after Director General Rafael Mariano Grossi on Thursday established the presence of the IAEA Support and Assistance Mission to Zaporizhzhya (ISAMZ) at the facility in southern Ukraine, the Agency’s experts were told by senior Ukrainian staff that the ZNPP’s fourth operational 750 Kilovolt (kV) power line was down. The three others were lost earlier during the conflict.
However, the IAEA experts – now present at Europe’s largest nuclear power plant located in the middle of a war zone – also learnt that the 330/750 kV reserve line linking the facility to a nearby thermal power plant was delivering the electricity the ZNPP generates to the external grid. The same reserve line can also provide back-up power to the ZNPP if needed.
In addition, plant management informed the IAEA team that one of the ZNPP’s two operating units was disconnected in the afternoon today due to grid restrictions. The same unit 5 was disconnected also on 1 September – the day of Director General Grossi’s arrival at the site – due to an internal electrical failure but it was reconnected the following day.
One reactor is still operating and producing electricity both for cooling and other essential safety functions at the site and for households, factories and others through the grid. The ZNPP is held by Russian forces since early March, but its Ukrainian staff are continuing to operate the plant.
“Our team on the ground received direct, fast and reliable information about the latest significant development affecting the plant’s external power situation, as well as the operational status of the reactors. We already have a better understanding of the functionality of the reserve power line in connecting the facility to the grid. This is crucial information in assessing the overall situation there,” Director General Grossi said.
“The great value of finally having the IAEA permanently present at the Zaporizhzhya Nuclear Power Plant is already abundantly clear. It is a game changer,” he said, adding that the IAEA remained in close contact with its Ukrainian counterparts and continued to receive valuable updates about the situation from them.
Friday evening’s disconnection of the 750 kV power line – which happened temporarily also on 25 August – followed renewed shelling in the area, Ukraine separately informed the IAEA.
A secure off-site power supply from the grid and back-up power supply systems are essential for ensuring nuclear safety. This requirement is among the seven indispensable nuclear safety and security pillars that the Director General outlined at the beginning of the conflict. At a press conference on Friday evening after returning to Vienna, he expressed his concern about the off-site power supply situation at the ZNPP by marking this pillar half red, half yellow in a traffic light-style infographic about the plant’s safety status.
Further underlining the fragile nuclear safety and security situation, there had been continued shelling of the site from 29 August up to the day before the Director General and his team arrived at the ZNPP. There was damage to the facility’s solid radioactive waste storage, the ventilation pipe of special building 1, and the ZNPP training building.
At the ZNPP, the ISAMZ experts will carry out detailed and continuous work to assess the physical damage to the plant’s facilities, determine the functionality of the main and back-up safety and security systems and evaluate the staff’s working conditions, in addition to performing urgent safeguards activities on the site.
“The difference between having the IAEA at the site and not having us there is like day and night. I remain gravely concerned about the situation at the Zaporizhzhya Nuclear Power Plant – this hasn’t changed – but the continued presence of the IAEA will be of paramount importance in helping to stabilise the situation. I’m immensely proud of the critically important and courageous work the IAEA team is now able to perform at the ZNPP,” Director General Grossi said.
The Director General will early next week issue a report about the safety, security and safeguards situation in Ukraine including the findings from his mission to the ZNPP.

• Das britische Intel Update:

Since 29 August 2022, the Ukrainian Armed Forces have been conducting renewed offensive operations in the south of Ukraine.
One element of this offensive is an ongoing advance on a broad front west of the Dnipro River, focusing on three axes within Russian-occupied Kherson Oblast.
The operation has limited immediate objectives, but Ukraine’s forces have likely achieved a degree of tactical surprise; exploiting poor logistics, administration and leadership in the Russian armed forces.
With fighting also continuing in the Donbas and Kharkiv sectors, a key decision for Russian commanders in coming days will be where to commit any operational reserve force they can generate.

• Das Morgenbriefing des ukrainischen Generalstabs:

Operational update of General Staff of the UAF regarding the russian invasion as of 06:00, on September 3, 2022
The one hundred ninety-second (192) day of the heroic resistance of the Ukrainian people to a russian military invasion continues.
russian enemy continues to focus its efforts on establishing full control over the territory of Donetsk oblast, maintaining the captured districts of Kherson, Kharkiv, Zaporizhzhia and Mykolaiv oblasts.
Over the past day, the enemy launched 6 missile and more than 20 air strikes on military and civilian objects on the territory of Ukraine. In particular, the settlements of Poltavka, Pryshyb, Peremoha, Khreshchenivka, Osokorivka and Biloghirya were affected.
With the onset of dusk, the enemy became more active in the Bakhmut, Avdiivka, Novopavlivka, and Zaporizhzhia directions. Defense forces successfully repelled enemy attacks in the areas of Bakhmutske, Kodema, Zaytseve, Avdiivka, Maryinka and Vremivka settlements.
In particular, the destruction of the enemy’s manpower in the Zaporizhzhia direction has been confirmed. According to intelligence, a convoy of enemy trucks, one of which was filled with the bodies of the dead, was heading towards Berdyansk, where the crematorium was deployed.
In the Volyn and Polissya directions, the situation remains without significant changes.
In the Siversky direction, the enemy shelled the areas of Senkivka, Chernihiv oblast, Myropilske, Porozok, Sumy oblast.
In the Slobozhansky direction, the situation has not undergone significant changes. Units of the Defense Forces hold their positions and prevent the enemy from advancing deep into the territory of Ukraine.
In the Kharkiv direction, the enemy shelled the areas of the settlements of Zolochiv, Velyki Prohody, Ruska Lozova, Ruski Tyshky, Cherkaski Tyshky, Pryshyb.
In the Slovyansk direction, the settlements of Velyka Komyshuvakha, Karnaukhivka, Virnopillia were subjected to artillery shelling by the occupiers. The enemy did not conduct active offensive actions.
In the Kramatorsk direction, the enemy shelled the areas of the settlements of Raihorodok, Siversk, and Spirne.
In the Bakhmut direction, mortars, tanks, barrel and jet artillery shelled the areas of the settlements of Soledar, Bakhmut, and Kodema.
In the Avdiyivka direction, the settlements of Avdiyivka, Vodyane, and Vesele were shelled by tanks, mortars, and barrel artillery.
enemy did not conduct active offensive operations in the Novopavlivsky direction, but shelled the areas of Maryinka, Velyka Novosilka, Neskuchne, Vuhledar, and Pavlivka settlements.
In the Zaporizhzhia direction, the enemy shelled objects in the areas of settlements of Novosilka, Zaliznychne, Hulyaipole, Chervone, Shcherbaky, and Biloghirya.
In the South Buh direction, the enemy shelled the areas of Lozove, Andriivka, Olhyne, Zeleny Hay, and Stepova Dolyna settlements.
The defense forces successfully repelled the enemy’s offensive in the areas of the settlements of Visokopilla and Potemkine.
During the day, the aviation of the Defense Forces of Ukraine carried out more than 40 sorties to support the actions of ground groups, during which several enemy control points and a warehouse with ammunition were destroyed. The Bayraktar TB-2 unmanned aerial vehicle launched a missile strike that detonated the ammunition and destroyed 2 units of the enemy’s armored vehicles along with their crews.
Missile forces and artillery of Ukrainian military groups continue to carry out tasks of counter-battery combat, disruption of the enemy’s control system and logistical support. So, more than 10 concentrations of enemy manpower were hit, including 3 platoon strongholds. 3 anti-aircraft missile complexes and several units of armoured vehicles of the occupiers were destroyed.
russian aggressor feels the indomitable spirit of our people and the thirst for the liberation of Ukrainian lands. This is especially noticeable in the southern regions, where russian occupiers are intensifying filtering measures, trying to weaken the patriotic feelings of the population of the temporarily occupied areas.

• Das Briefing des russischen Verteidigungsministeriums (mit wiederholten Angaben zu ukrainischen Angriffen auf das Atomkraftwerk Saporischja):

Russian Defence Ministry report on the progress of the special military operation in Ukraine (September 3, 2022)
Kiev regime continued its unsuccessful attempts to consolidate at several areas towards Nikolayev-Krivoy Rog direction.
The enemy has lost 23 tanks, 27 infantry combat vehicles, 14 armoured combat vehicles of other types, 9 pick-ups with large-calibre machine guns and over 230 servicemen.
Moreover, fighter aviation of Russian Aerospace Forces has shot down 2 Ukrainian Su-25 assault fighters near Sergeyevka (Kherson region), as well as 1 MiG-29 of Ukrainian Air Force converted for launching HARM anti-radar missiles near Novosyolovka (Dnepropetrovsk region).
High losses of the Armed Forces of Ukraine (AFU) at Nikolayev-Krivoy Rog direction have led to a severe lack of beds, medication and blood supplies in healthcare establishments of Nikolayev and Nikolayev region.
To detect and detain the increased number of deserters, more military patrols were redeployed to Nikolayev and additional posts were deployed at the approaches to the city.
The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation continue the special military operation in Ukraine.
High-precision armament of Russian Aerospace Forces has neutralised a provisional base of a company tactical force from 95th Air Assault Brigade at Slavyansk (Donetsk People’s Republic). Over 100 Ukrainian servicemen and 14 armoured and motor vehicles have been elimineted.
Provisional bases of the units from 93rd Mechanised Brigade deployed near Konstantinovka (Donetsk People’s Republic) have been neutralised by concentrated fire attacks. Up to 120 militants and 11 vehicles have been eliminated.
Operational-tactical and army aviation, missile troops and artillery continue launching attacks at the military facilities in Ukraine.
53 artillery units have been neutralised at their firing positions, as well as 157 concentration areas of AFU manpower and military equipment.
The attack has resulted in the destruction of 6 munitions depots near Velikoye Artakovo, Voznesensk (Nikolayev region), Orekhov (Zaporozhye region), Melovaya (Kharkov region), Kurakhovo and Kramatorsk (Donetsk People’s Republic), as well as 1 fuel depot of 60th Infantry Brigade of the AFU near Kramatorsk.
1 launching ramp of U.S.-manufactured HIMARS multiple-rocket launcher with ammunition resupply vehicle, as well as up to 30 servicemen have been eliminated near Konstantinovka (Donetsk People’s Republic).
Russian air defence means have shot down 3 unmanned aerial vehicles near Volnovakha, Novopavlovka (Donetsk People’s Republic), including 1 Bayraktar-TB2 near Kakhovka (Kherson region).
3 Tochka-U tactical missiles near Chervony Mayak, Chernobayevka and Tyaginka (Kherson region), as well as 60 projectiles of multiple-rocket launchers, including 44 launched by HIMARS system, 12 by Olkha system, 4 by Uragan system near Antonovka, Berislav, Novaya Kakhovka, Sagi (Kherson region) and a pontoon near Daryevsky bridge, Kapitolovka, Kupyansk, Kamenka (Kharkov region) and Tokmak (Zaporozhye region) have been eliminated in air.
In total, 286 airplanes and 151 helicopters, 1,867 unmanned aerial vehicles, 372 air defence missile systems, 4,776 tanks and other armoured combat vehicles, 824 combat vehicles equipped with MRLS, 3,366 field artillery cannons and mortars, as well as 5,250 units of special military equipment have been destroyed during the special military operation.
Despite the presence of IAEA representatives at Zaporozhye nuclear power plant, Kiev regime made another attempt to capture this facility.
On September 2, at about 11.00 PM (Moscow time), two groups of a total of 42 cutters and motor boats with over 250 servicemen from special operation forces and foreign mercenaries on board made an attempt to disembark at the shore of Kakhovka reservoir near Energodar and Dneproprudnoye.
The manpower was attacked by 4 Su-30 and 2 Ka-52 helicopters of Russian Aerospace Forces that has resulted in the elimination of 20 cutters and boats.
The rest of the vessels turned back and headed towards the Ukrainian coast.
Russian artillery, including Malka high-capacity howitzers, launched an attack at the Ukrainian part of the shore near Vysshetarasovka and Chervonodneprovka where the rest of the manpower had disembarked.
According to available information, the unsuccessful provocation of Ukrainian nationalists has resulted in the elimination of 47 militants, including 10 foreign mercenaries, as well as in wounding 23.

• Das Abendbriefing des ukrainischen Generalstabs:

Operational update regarding the russian invasion as of 18:00, on September 3, 2022
The one hundred ninety-second (192) day of the heroic resistance of the Ukrainian people to a russian military invasion continues.
Enemy continues to focus its efforts on establishing full control over the territory of Donetsk oblast, maintaining the captured districts of Kherson, Kharkiv, Zaporizhzhia and Mykolaiv oblast.
Offensive and assault operations continue in the Bakhmut and Avdiivka areas. The enemy is actively using anti-aircraft defense to cover its troops. The enemy did not conduct active combat operations in the Kramatorsk and Novopavlivsk directions.
During the current day, 8 missile and more than 10 air strikes were carried out on military and civilian objects on the territory of our State. In particular, the infrastructure of the settlements of Peremoha, Husarivka, Bilohirya, Pryshyb, Vremivka, Poltavka, Zaytseve, Bilohorivka, Yakovlivka, Vodyane was affected. Actively conducts reconnaissance using UAVs.
Feeling danger, the occupiers strengthened the administrative and police regime in the settlements located on the banks of the Dnipro River and the protection of the coastline in the temporarily captured areas of Zaporizhzhia and Kherson oblasts. In addition, state companies of the russian federation have been presented with new norms for the selection of „volunteers“ for the war. Thus, the russian Railways company received an order to search for up to 10,000 new candidates for a short-term contract among civilian employees.
Also, there remains a further threat of systematic massive air and missile strikes on military and critical infrastructure facilities throughout Ukraine.
In the Volyn and Polissya directions, the situation remains without significant changes. The Armed Forces of the republic of belarus are conducting a check of the readiness of field communication systems as part of preparations for the command and staff exercises.
In other directions, the enemy attacked military and civilian infrastructure using tanks, combat vehicles, barrel and rocket artillery, namely:
in the Seversky direction – three settlements in the Chernihiv oblast and one in the Sumy oblast;
in the Kharkiv direction – the areas of Krasnopillya, Prudyanka, Ruski Tyshky, Cherkaski Tyshky, Ruska Lozova, Stary Saltiv, Pryshyb, Husarivka, Nortsivka;
in the Slovyansk direction – Karnaukhivka, Nova Dmytrivka, Velyka Komyshuvakha;
in the Kramatorsk direction – Bohorodychne, Raihorodok, Siversk;
in the direction of Bakhmut – Zaitseve, Kodema, Vesela Dolyna, Bakhmutske, Soledar, Bakhmut;
in the Avdiyivka direction – Novokalynove, Berdychiv, Vodiane, Pervomaiske;
in the Novopavlivskyi direction – Maryinka, Novomykhailivka, Velyka Novosilka, Paraskoviivka, Zolota Nyva;
in the Zaporizhzhia direction – Shcherbaky, Novoandriivka, Orihiv, Hulyaipole, Dorozhnyanka, Uspenivka, Novopil, Vremivka;
in the South Buh direction, the enemy carried out shelling along the entire line of contact. In addition, the enemy conducted reconnaissance with the active use of UAVs, in total – more than 30 sorties.
Units of the Defense Forces hold their positions and prevent the enemy from advancing deep into the territory of Ukraine. The defense forces successfully repelled enemy attacks in the areas of Dolyna, Soledar, Novobakhmutivka, Kodema, Zaytseve, Avdiivka, Maryinka settlements.
During the day, to support the actions of the land groups, the Ukrainian aviation carried out more than 5 strikes during which combat equipment, electronic warfare equipment, anti-aircraft defense and a significant number of personnel were destroyed in the Donetsk and South Buh directions.
Air defense units of our troops destroyed one helicopter, three UAVs and five Kalibr cruise missiles in various directions.
Missile troops and artillery of the Defense Forces continue to perform tasks of counter-battery combat, disruption of the enemy’s control system and logistical support. Damage was inflicted on three command points. One enemy personnel facility was destroyed. Thus, a unit of russian special forces entered the affected area. Information on losses is being clarified. Also, electronic warfare equipment and ammunition storage were destroyed, which significantly reduced the enemy’s ability to conduct offensive actions.

• Aus der aktuellen Analyse des Kriegsgeschehens vom US-Institute for the Study of War:

Ukrainian officials directly stated that the ongoing Ukrainian counteroffensive is a methodical operation to intentionally degrade Russian forces and logistics in the south, rather than one aimed at immediately recapturing large swathes of territory. (…)
Ukrainian military officials reported that Ukrainian forces continued positional battles along the Kherson-Mykolaiv frontline and that Ukrainian troops are focusing on striking Russian ground lines of communication (GLOCs), equipment and manpower concentrations, and logistics nodes along the Southern Axis.
Social media footage shows evidence of effective Ukrainian strikes in western and central Kherson Oblast.

• Aus einem Interview mit dem ehemaligen US-General Ben Hodges:

I think the Ukrainian General Staff has done a good job the last few weeks of setting the conditions, what we call shaping operations, setting the conditions for a counter offensive, whenever they’re ready: destroying Russian logistics, destroying Russian headquarters, destroying Russian airfields and lines of communication, destroying Russian artillery and rockets and destroying bridges that would help Russian across the Dnipro River in and around Kherson. (…) I think we are going to see more and more of these things, which create fear, confusion in the rear, and we should watch for this. There’s not enough of Russian forces to protect their own rear area. And so, this is an important part of Ukraine’s preparation.