Ukraine/Russland/NATO – der Sammler am 26. August 2022

Im andauernden russischen Angriffskrieg gegen die Ukraine steht die Entwicklung um das Atomkraftwerk Saporischja weiterhin im Mittelpunkt. Der Sammler am 26. August 2022:

• Die Lage im von Russland besetzten ukrainischen Atomkraftwerk Saporischja scheint zwar vorerst unter Kontrolle, ist aber weiterhin Besorgnis erregend. Russland warf der Ukraine erneut vor, mit Artillerie auf das AKW zu schießen (s. unten).

Unverändert ist das Kraftwerk vom Stromnetz getrennt, wie Reuters berichtet:

All six reactors of the Zaporizhzhia nuclear plant in southern Ukraine are still disconnected from Ukraine’s electricity grid, state nuclear company Energoatom said, a day after nearby fires allegedly caused by shelling caused the plant to go offline.
However, the company said there were currently no issues with the plant’s machinery or its safety systems.
Energoatom said electricity for the plant’s own needs was currently being supplied through a power line from Ukraine’s electricity system, and that work was ongoing to restore grid connection to the plant’s two functioning reactors.

Am (gestrigen) Donnerstagabend hatte der ukrainische Präsident Wolodymir Selenskyi in einer Botschaft an alle Europäer erneut vor einer nuklearen Katastrophe gewarnt:

Today, for the first time in history, the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant stopped. The emergency protection of the power units worked – after the last working line of the plant’s power return to the Ukrainian power system was damaged by Russian shelling.
Diesel generators were immediately activated to provide energy to the plant itself, to support it after the shutdown. The world must understand what a threat this is: if the diesel generators hadn’t turned on, if the automation and our staff of the plant had not reacted after the blackout, then we would already be forced to overcome the consequences of the radiation accident. Russia has put Ukraine and all Europeans in a situation one step away from a radiation disaster.
The south of Ukraine – the occupied areas – is already in a state of humanitarian disaster. In addition to all the evil that the occupiers brought there, electricity, water and sewage were cut off. Russia has brought degradation to our land, which has never been seen here. All this was simply impossible before the occupation. But this is the essence and pride of the modern Russian state: it is capable of only one thing – making the worst possible.
I want to assure all Ukrainians: we are doing everything to prevent an emergency scenario. But it depends not only on our state. The key thing is that such international pressure is needed that will force the occupiers to immediately withdraw from the territory of the Zaporizhzhia NPP. The IAEA and other international organizations must act much faster than they’re acting now. Because every minute the Russian troops stay at the nuclear power plant is a risk of a global radiation disaster.

Der Chef der internationalen Atomeneergieagentur, Rafael Grossi, hatte ebenfalls am Donnerstag erneut seine Bereitschaft erklärt, mit einer Delegation von internationalen Experten Saporischja zu be- und untersuchen. Allerdings laufen die Verhandlungen darüber vor allem mit Russland schon seit einiger Zeit erfolglos.

• Das britische Intel Update:

On 24 August 2022, Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu told the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation that Russia was deliberately slowing the pace of its military campaign in Ukraine, driven by the need to reduce civilian casualties.
This is almost certainly deliberate misinformation. Russia’s offensive has stalled because of poor Russian military performance and fierce Ukrainian resistance. Under Shoigu’s orders, the forces operating in Ukraine have repeatedly missed planned operational timelines.
It is highly likely that Shoigu and President Putin have fired at least six generals for not advancing quickly enough.
On the day Shoigu was speaking, a Russian SS-26 Iskander short-range ballistic missile struck a train in the town of Chaplyne, reportedly killing at least two children.
This highlights Russia’s willingness to cause collateral damage when it perceives there is military advantage in launching missile or artillery strikes.

• Das Morgenbriefing des ukrainischen Generalstabs:

The operational update regarding the #russian_invasion on 06.00, on August 26, 2022
The one hundred eighty-fourth (184) day of the heroic resistance of the Ukrainian people to a russian military invasion continues.
The situation has not undergone significant changes in the Volyn, Polissya, and Siversky directions. The enemy shelled civilian infrastructure near the villages of Shalyhine, Shevchenkove, and Katerynivka of the Sumy Oblast from barrel artillery.
In the Kharkiv direction, the enemy shelled objects in the areas of Kharkiv, Sosnivka, Dementiivka, Slatyne, Borshchova, Peremoha, Ruski Tyshky, Rubizhne, Lebyazhe, Mospanove, Husarivka settlements with barrel and jet artillery. He continued to actively use UAVs to conduct aerial reconnaissance and adjust artillery fire.
In the Slovyansk direction, the enemy conducted combat operations with the aim of holding previously occupied lines and preventing the advance of units of the Defense Forces. It continued to carry out fire damage from tanks, barrel artillery and MLRS near Nortsivka, Dmytrivka, Dolyna, Mazanivka and Bohorodychne.
In the Donetsk direction, the enemy does not stop trying to conduct assault and offensive actions. Continues to focus efforts on the Bakhmut and Avdiivka areas.
In the Kramatorsk direction, it shelled the positions of our troops and civilian infrastructure from artillery systems near Ivano-Daryivka, Serebryanka, Tetyanivka, Hryhorivka, Zvanivka, and Rozdolivka.
In the direction of Bakhmut, the districts of Bakhmut, Bakhmutsky, Vesela Dolyna, Mayorsk, Zaytseve, Soledar, Bilohorivka and Yakovlivka were damaged by fire. Near Soledar, Bakhmut and Kodema, the enemy waged an offensive battle, without success.
In the Avdiyiv direction, shelling from tanks, barrel and rocket artillery was recorded near Nevelske, Vodyane, Netaylove, Krasnohorivka, Novobakhmutivka, New York, Zalizne and Opytnye.
In the direction of Novopavlivka, enemy units continued to fire at the territories near Pavlivka, Novomykhailivka, Prechystivka, Vuhledar, Volodymyrivka, and Velyka Novosilka from tanks and artillery of various types.
In the Zaporizhzhia direction, the enemy shelled the areas of the settlements of Velikomykhailivka, Hulyaipilske, Malynivka, Bilohirya, Dorozhnianka, Charivne, Orihiv, Mala Tokmachka, Shevchenko, Vremivka, Shcherbaky, Novosilka, Poltavka, and Novopil.
In the South Buh direction, the enemy is concentrating its main efforts on preventing the advance of our troops. Takes measures to replenish losses.
It carried out shelling of civilian and military infrastructure in Mykolaiv, Oleksandrivka districts and twenty other settlements.
In the waters of the Black and Azov seas, russian occupiers‘ naval group focuses its main efforts on conducting reconnaissance and blocking civilian shipping in the northwestern part of the Black Sea.
Ukrainian soldiers are firmly holding the defense, inflicting losses on the enemy and are ready for any changes in the operational situation.

• Das Briefing des russischen Verteidigungsministeriums (Angaben zum Atomkraftwerk am Schluss) :

Russian Defence Ministry report on the progress of the special military operation in Ukraine
The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation continue the special military operation in Ukraine.
Concentrated strikes on combat positions of units of 25th Airborne Brigade of AFU near Seversk and 101st Territorial Defence Brigade near Yakovlevka in Donetsk People’s Republic, have destroyed over 50 nationalists and 9 units of armoured vehicles and motor vehicles.
Due to heavy losses and loss of combat effectiveness, servicemen of units of 53rd Mechanized Brigade of AFU in Novomikhailovka, Donetsk People’s Republic, and 93rd Mechanized Brigade of AFU in Dibrovnoye, Kharkov Region, left their positions and withdrew from the battle areas.
Operational-tactical and army aviation, missile troops and artillery strikes continue against military facilities in Ukraine.
9 AFU command posts near Yakovlevka, Shevchenko, Soledar, Otradnoye in Donetsk People’s Republic, Lozovoye in Kherson Region, Dergachi, Chuguev in Kharkov Region, Nikolaev and Partizanskoye in Nikolaev Region, as well as 163 areas of AFU manpower and military equipment concentration have been hit.
5 missile and artillery weapons and ammunition depots near Soledar, Bokovoye in Donetsk People’s Republic, Chervonaya Dolina in Nikolaev Region, Andreevka in Kherson Region, Malinovka in Zaporozhye Region and 1 fuel storage facility Golitsinovo in Nikolaev Region have been destroyed.
1 Ukrainian S-300 anti-aircraft missile system has also been destroyed near Barvenkovo, Kharkov Region.
As part of counter-battery warfare, 3 platoons of Grad multiple-launch rocket systems near Artemovsk, Kodema and Seversk, 2 platoons of D-30 howitzers at firing positions in Kodema and Soledar in Donetsk People’s Republic, and 2 platoons of Giatsint-B guns near Dobroye and Zelenyi Gai in Nikolaev Region have been suppressed.
Russian air defence means have shot down 6 unmanned aerial vehicles near Komsomolskoye in Donetsk People’s Republic, Bairak, Izyum in Kharkov Region, Bezymyannoye and Stepnoye in Kherson Region.
In addition, 1 Tochka-U ballistic missile near Novaya Kakhovka in Kherson Region, and 6 rockets of HIMARS and Olha multiple-launch rocket systems near Donetsk and Izyum in Kharkov Region, and Novotroitskoye and Berislav in Kherson Region have been intercepted.
In total, 273 Ukrainian airplanes and 148 helicopters, 1,813 unmanned aerial vehicles, 369 anti-aircraft missile systems, 4,392 tanks and other armored combat vehicles, 819 multiple launch rocket systems, 3,345 field artillery and mortars, as well as 5,054 units of special military vehicles were destroyed during the operation.
Zaporozhye nuclear power plant has been shelled twice by Ukrainian troops with large-calibre artillery guns in the past 24 hours.
As a result of the shelling, four munitions exploded near oxygen and nitrogen station, and another one in the area of the special building No. 1.
AFU artillery position from which the territory of the nuclear power plant was shelled has been detected to the west of Marganets in Dnepropetrovsk Region.
Direct hit of Russian high-precision guided munition destroyed a US-made M777 howitzer at this combat position.

(wird ergänzt)