Ukraine/Russland/NATO – der Sammler am 23. Juli 2022 (Update: Odessa)

Im andauernden russischen Angriffskrieg gegen die Ukraine haben die ukrainischen Streitkräfte nach britischen Angaben ihre Offensive auf die von Russland besetzte Provinz Kherson fortgesetzt. Nicht einmal 24 Stunden nach einer von den UN vermittelten Vereinbarung zum Export ukrainischen Getreides über die Schwarzmeerhäfen hat Russland die ukrainische Hafenstadt Odessa angegriffen. Der Sammler am 23. Juli 2022:

• Das britische Intel Update:

In the last 48 hours, heavy fighting has been taking place as Ukrainian forces have continued their offensive against Russian forces in Kherson Oblast, west of the River Dnipro.
Russia is likely attempting to slow the Ukrainian attack using artillery fire along the natural barrier of the Ingulets River, a tributary of the Dnipro.
Simultaneously, the supply lines of the Russian force west of the Dnipro are increasingly at risk.
Additional Ukrainian strikes have caused further damage to the key Antonivsky Bridge, though Russia has conducted temporary repairs. As of 22 July 2022, it was almost certainly open to some traffic.
It has not been possible to verify claims by Ukrainian officials that Russia is preparing to construct an alternative, military pontoon bridge across the Dnipro.
The Russian army prioritises maintaining its military bridging capability, but any attempt to construct a crossing of the Dnipro would be a very high risk operation.
If the Dnipro crossings were denied, and Russian forces in occupied Kherson cut off, it would be a significant military and political setback for Russia.

• Das Morgenbriefing des ukrainischen Generalstabs:

Operational update regarding the #russian_invasion as of 06:00, on July 23, 2022
The one hundred fiftieth (150) day of the heroic resistance of the Ukrainian people to a russian military invasion continues.
The enemy continues to launch missile attacks on military and civilian objects on the territory of Ukraine.
The situation has not undergone significant changes in the Volyn, Polissya and Siversky directions. On the last one, the enemy shelled the village of Mykolaivka, Chernihiv oblast.
In the Slobozhansky direction, the occupiers are concentrating their main efforts on preventing the advance of our troops towards the State Border of Ukraine in the north and north-east of the Kharkiv oblast.
In the Kharkiv direction, the enemy did not conduct active operations, but carried out fire damage from tanks, barrel and rocket artillery in the areas of the settlements of Kharkiv, Zolochiv, Pytomnyk, Borshcheva, Lisne, Rusks and Cherkaski Tyshky, and Mospanove.
Also, there are no active actions by the enemy in the Slovyansk direction. The enemy shelled the districts of Hrushuvakhya, Dolyna, Krasnopilla, Dibrovne, Mazanivka, Protopopivka, Chepil, Velyka Komyshuvakha, Nortsivka, Bohorodychne, Virnopilla, and Karnaukhivka.
In the Kramatorsk direction, the enemy fired from tanks, barrel and rocket artillery near Verkhnyokamyanske, Starodubivka, Piskunivka, Siversk, Bilohorivka, Hryhorivka, Spirne and Vyimka. Ukrainian defenders successfully repulsed the assaults in the direction of Verkhnokamyanske and Siversk.
In the direction of Bakhmut, the occupiers shelled the districts of Yakovlivka, Soledar, Bakhmut, Pokrovske, Bakhmutske and Novoluhanske with artillery. Airstrikes were also carried out near the Novoluhanske.
The enemy again carried out assaults in the direction of Pokrovske and the territory of the Vuhlehirsk TPP and again suffered losses and retreated.
On the Avdiivka, Novopavlivka, and Zaporizhzhia directions, shelling was recorded in the areas of Novobakhmutivka, Pisky, Vuhledar, Opytne, Vodyane, Prechistivka, Mala Tokmachka, Novoyakovlivka, Uspenivka, Orihiv, Pavlivka, Novopil, Shcherbaki, Novoandriivka, and Mali Shcherbaki. The enemy also carried out airstrikes near Krasnohorivka and Kamyanka.
In the South Buh direction, the enemy continues to defend the previously occupied positions, concentrates efforts on restraining the counteroffensive actions of the Defense Forces of Ukraine. Conducted shelling from barrel and rocket artillery and tanks along the contact line.
Outside the base points, there are two enemy carriers of sea-based cruise missiles of the „Kalibr“ type.
Ukrainian assault and army aviation and missile and artillery units successfully continue to strike enemy strongholds, warehouses and concentrations of occupier forces in specified directions.

• Bereits vor einigen Tagen (in einem Bericht der Washington Post) hatte der Stabschef der U.S. Air Force öffentlich von Überlegungen gesprochen, der Ukraine westliche Kampfjets zur Verfügung zu stellen – in dem Zusammenhang wurden auch die europäischen Flugzeugmuster Gripen, Rafale und Eurofighter genannt. Aus dem Weißen Haus, konkreter aus dem Nationalen Sicherheitsrat der USA, wurde das am (gestrigen) Freitag etwas näher erläutert:

The Pentagon is considering providing Ukrainian forces with fighter jets, the White House said Friday, marking what would be a significant expansion of U.S. involvement in the war and carrying with it a risk of more direct confrontation with Moscow.
The Pentagon „is making some preliminary explorations into the feasibility of potentially providing fighter aircraft to the Ukrainians,“ said John Kirby, the National Security Council coordinator for strategic communications. „But it’s not something that they’re going to be able to execute immediately or even in the short term.“ (…)
Among the issues that must be addressed before the U.S. could give Ukraine jets is training, maintenance and providing spare parts, Mr. Kirby told reporters during a briefing. He didn’t say what kind of aircraft the U.S. was considering or when the administration would make a decision.

berichtet das Wall Street Journal. Von europäischen Jets ist da allerdings nicht die Rede.

(Wenn es ein Transkript der Pressekonferenz von Kirby gibt, trage ich es nach)

• Update: Am (gestrigen) Freitag wurde in Istanbul ein Abkommen zu Getreidetransporten aus ukrainischen Häfen unterzeichnet, zwischen den Vereinten Nationen, der Türkei als organisierendem Staat, der Ukraine und Russland. (Dazu äußerte sich auch der russische Außenminister Sergej Lawrow: Russia will honour its commitments in this regard. The fact that the United States and its allies are using food in the interests of their geopolitical adventures is unacceptable and inhumane.

Einer der wichtigsten Häfen für diese Transporte ist Odessa. Am (heutigen) Samstag gibt es Meldungen, Russland habe mit Raketen und/oder Marschflugkörpern den Hafen von Odessa angegriffen. Vom Sprecher des ukrainischen Außenministeriums:

Die Mitteilung der ukrainischen Luftwaffe:

Am 23. Juli gegen 11 Uhr starteten die Besatzer einen Raketenangriff auf die Stadt Odessa.
Zwei seegestützte Marschflugkörper vom Typ Kalibr wurden von den Streitkräften und Mitteln der Luftverteidigung des Southern Air Command abgeschossen.
(übersetzt mit Google Translate)

Aus der Übersicht der New York Times:

A string of explosions rocked Ukraine’s southern city of Odesa on Saturday, hitting one of the country’s most important ports less than 24 hours after a deal was signed to secure the transit of millions of tons of grain through Black Sea routes.
The strikes risk undermining the deal to facilitate the shipping of Ukrainian grain, brokered by the United Nations and Turkey, before the agreement could even be put into action.(…)
It was unclear whether any grain infrastructure was hit, but the damage appeared to be extensive in the Odesa port, one of six large ports in the region. Mykola Solskyi, the country’s agriculture minister, said in a telephone interview that the strikes would affect Ukraine’s efforts to export grain.

• Das Briefing des russischen Verteidigungsministeriums (der Angriff auf Odessa wird noch nicht erwähnt):

Russian Defence Ministry report on the progress of the special military operation in Ukraine
The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation continue the special military operation in Ukraine.
High-precision attack launched by Russian Aerospace Forces at a provisional base of 406th Artillery Brigade of the Armed Forces of Ukraine (AFU) deployed in Apostolovo (Dnepropetrovsk region) has resulted in the elimination of up to 200 servicemen, 9 artillery cannons and military equipment.
Attack launched by Russian artillery at the positions of Donbass nationalist group deployed near Verkhnekamenskoye has resulted in the elimination of over 60 militants.
Attacks launched by operational-tactical aviation of Russian Aerospace Forces has resulted in the elimination of over 50% of personnel of 2nd Battalion from 14th Mechanised Brigade of the AFU.
Operational-tactical and army aviation, missile troops and artillery continue launching attacks at the military facilities in Ukraine.
The list of neutralised targets includes 12 command posts, 4 missile, artillery armament and munitions depots near Nikanorovka (Donetsk People’s Republic) and Nikolayev, as well as 226 areas of manpower and military equipment concentration.
Within the counter-battery warfare, 3 Grad MRLS plattoons have been neutralised near Adamovka, Slavyansk and Seversk, 3 Msta-S self-propelled artillery system plattoons, 10 Msta-B artillery gun plattoons, 24 D-20 artillery howitzer plattoons and 15 Gvozdika self-propelled artillery plattoons have been neutralised at their firing positions near Zvanovka, Paraskoviyevka, Opytnoye, Vesyoloye, Razdolovka, Bakhmutskoye, Vodyanoye, Georgiyevka, Chasov Yar, Serebryanka and Kamyshevakha (Donetsk People’s Republic).
Russian air defence means have destroyed 11 Ukrainian unmanned aerial vehicles near Topolskoye, Dmitrovka, Novaya Gnilitsa, Malaya Kamyshevakha, Bolshiye Prokhody (Kharkov region), Ternovyie Pody, Kalinovka (Nikolayev region), Tsyurupinsk (Kherson region), Khartsyzsk and Gorlovka (Donetsk People’s Republic).
In total, 260 airplanes and 144 helicopters, 1,600 unmanned aerial vehicles, 357 air defence missile systems, 4,146 tanks and other armoured combat vehicles, 763 combat vehicles equipped with MRLS, 3,185 field artillery cannons and mortars, as well as 4,453 units of special military equipment have been destroyed during the special military operation.

• Das Abendbriefing des ukrainischen Generalstabs:

Operational update regarding the #russian_invasion as of 18:00, on July 23, 2022
The one hundred and fiftieth (150) day of the heroic resistance of the Ukrainian people to a russian military invasion continues.
The situation has not changed significantly in the Volyn, Polissya and Siversky directions. The enemy shelled the village of Starykov, Sumy oblast. Aerial reconnaissance of the border area in Chernihiv and Sumy oblasts by unmanned aerial vehicles continues.
In the Slobozhansk direction, the enemy’s units, using all available means, continue to restrain the units of the Defense Forces from advancing deep into the temporarily occupied territory.
In the Kharkiv direction, the enemy carried out fire damage from barrel and rocket artillery in the areas of the settlements of Kharkiv, Ruski Tyshki, Cherkaski Tyshki, Bazaliivka, Husarivka, Ruska Lozova, Udy, Malynivka and of others. Made an airstrike near Verkhniy Saltv.
In the Slovyansk direction, the enemy fired artillery at the districts of Dibrovne, Velyka Komyshuvakha, Nova Dmytryvka, and others. Near Bohorodychne, by the forces of the reconnaissance group, he tried to identify weak points in the defense of our troops. The enemy is neutralized.
In the Donetsk direction, the occupiers continue to focus their main efforts on the Kramatorsk and Bakhmut directions, and attempts to establish control over the territory of the Vugleghirskaya TPP continue.
In the Kramatorsk direction, the enemy shelled, in particular, the areas of Verkhnokamianske, Riznyivka, Zakitne, Hryhorivka, Vyimka and Zvanivka settlements. Made an airstrike near Spirny.
He tried to improve the tactical position in the Verkhnokamyansky area by attacking from different directions. Ukrainian soldiers met the enemy with dagger fire and inflicted significant losses. The occupiers left in panic.
In the direction of Bakhmut, the enemy is trying to create favorable conditions for continuing the offensive on Bakhmut. It fired at our troops from tanks, barrel and jet artillery in the areas of Travnevo, Semihirya, Rozdolivka, Yakovlivka, Soledar, Bilohorivka and a number of other settlements. Airstrikes on Pokrovske and Novoluhanske.
The occupiers again, already from different directions, tried to storm the territory of the Vuglehirskaya TPP. Again unsuccessfully and with losses.
Enemy reconnaissance groups tried to identify weak points in the defense of our troops in the directions of Soledar and Pokrovske. Detected and neutralized.
In the Avdiyivka, Novopavlivka, and Zaporizhzhia directions, the enemy systematically shelled civilian and military infrastructure in the areas of the settlements of Novobakhmutivka, Pisky, Opytne, Vodyane, Shevchenko, Mala Tokmachka, Novosilka, Zelene Pole, Bilohirya, and many others. There were the air-strikes near Krasnohorivka and Kamianka.
In the South Buh direction, the enemy is concentrating its main efforts on preventing the advance of our troops. Supports a high intensity of reconnaissance by unmanned aerial vehicles. Reciprocal shelling from barrel, rocket artillery and tanks continues along the entire contact line.
The Defense Forces of Ukraine are inflicting casualties on the enemy in all directions where hostilities continue and are ready for any changes in the operational situation.
Cases of desertion and open disobedience to the command are increasingly recorded in units of the russian occupation forces.