Während im russischen Angriffskrieg gegen die Ukraine die heftigen Kämpfe im Osten des Landes anhalten und vor allem Severodonezk im Fokus steht, rückt die Debatte über mögliche Getreideimporte über die blockierten ukrainischen Häfen immer mehr ins Zentrum. Der russische Präsident Wladimir Putin bot die Nutzung der Häfen an – angeblich ohne Bedingungen. Der Sammler am 4. Juni 2022:
• Putin äußerte sich in einem Interview des russischen Staatsfernsehens am (gestrigen) Freitagabend. Aus dem vom Kreml veröffentlichten Transkript in englischer Übersetzung (die deepl-Übersetzung aus dem Russischen gegen die offizielle Kreml-Fassung auf Englisch ausgetauscht) :
As for shipping out Ukrainian grain, we are not preventing this. There are several ways to export grain.
The first one. You can ship it out via the Ukraine-controlled ports, primarily in the Black Sea – Odessa and nearby ports. We did not mine the approaches to the port – Ukraine did this.
I have already said to all our colleagues many times – let them demine the ports and let the vessels loaded with grain leave. We will guarantee their peaceful passage to international waters without any problems. There are no problems at all. Go ahead.
They must clear the mines and raise the ships they sunk on purpose in the Black Sea to make it difficult to enter the ports to the south of Ukraine. We are ready to do this; we will not use the demining process to initiate an attack from the sea. I have already said this. This is the first point.
The second. There is another opportunity: the ports in the Sea of Azov – Berdyansk and Mariupol – are under our control, and we are ready to ensure a problem-free exit from these ports, including for exported Ukrainian grain. Go ahead, please.
We are already working on the demining process. We are completing this work – at one time, Ukrainian troops laid three layers of mines. This process is coming to an end. We will create the necessary logistics. This is not a problem; we will do this. This is the second point. (…)
Finally, the easiest way is to transport grain via Belarus. This is the easiest and the cheapest way because from there it can be instantly shipped to the Baltic ports and further on to any place in the world.
But they would have to lift the sanctions from Belarus. This is not our problem though. At any rate, President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko puts it like this: if someone wants to resolve the problem of exporting Ukrainian grain, if this problem exists at all, please use the simplest way – through Belarus. No one will stop you.
So, the problem of shipping grain out of Ukraine does not really exist.
Zarubin: How would the logistics work to ship it from the ports under our control? What would the conditions be?
Putin: No conditions.
They are welcome. We will provide peaceful passage, guarantee safe approaches to these ports, and ensure the safe entry of foreign ships and passage through the Sea of Azov and the Black Sea in any direction.
By the way, several ships are stuck in Ukrainian ports at this point. These are foreign ships, dozens of them. They are simply locked up and their crews are still being held hostage.
• Das britische Intel Update:
Russian air activity remains high over contested ground in the Donbas with Russian aircraft conducting strikes using both guided and unguided munitions.
Russia’s inability to suppress or destroy Ukrainian strategic air defence systems in the opening days of the conflict limited its ability to provide tactical air support to ground manoeuvre elements, contributing to the failure to advance on Kyiv.
Consequently, Russian air activity has been largely restricted to deep strikes using air and surface launched cruise missiles to disrupt the movement of Ukrainian reinforcements and supplies.
These strikes alone however have failed to have a meaningful impact on the conflict and Russian stocks of precision guided missiles are likely to have been significantly depleted as a result.
With its operational focus switching to the Donbas, Russia has been able to increase its employment of tactical air to support its creeping advance, combining airstrikes and massed artillery fires to bring its overwhelming firepower to bear.
The combined use of air and artillery strikes has been a key factor in Russia’s recent tactical successes in the region.
The increased use of unguided munitions has led to the widespread destruction of built-up areas in the Donbas and has almost certainly caused substantial collateral damage and civilian casualties.
The operational update regarding the #russian_invasion on 06.00 on June 4, 2022.
The one hundred and first (101) day of the heroic resistance of the Ukrainian people to a russian military invasion continues.
russian occupiers have not stopped offensive operations in the Eastern Operational Zone and continue to launch missile and air strikes on military and civilian infrastructure in Ukraine.
The situation in the Volyn and Polissya areas has not changed significantly.
The enemy did not take active action in the Sicersky direction. In order to strengthen certain areas of the border and restrain the actions of our troops, the enemy continues to hold units of the armed forces of the Russian Federation in the border areas of Bryansk and Kursk regions.
Fighting continues in the Slobozhansky direction. In the direction of the settlement of Shipuvate the movement of a column of equipment with fuel and ammunition was noted. In the opposite direction, the evacuation of damaged weapons and military equipment (up to 100 units) is carried out.
In the Kharkiv direction, the main efforts of the occupiers are focused on maintaining the occupied borders. Intense fire continues on the units of the Defense Forces in the areas of the settlements of Hlyboke, Ruski Tyshky, Staryi Saltiv and Cherkasy Tyshky. The enemy fired a missile at a transport infrastructure facility near the town of Mokhnach.
In the Slovyansk direction, in order to reduce the combat potential of our troops, the enemy carried out artillery shelling of the settlements of Hrushuvakha, Tetyanivka and Dibrivne. He carried out assault operations in the direction of the settlement of Bogorodychne, had no success. He led an unsuccessful offensive in the direction of the village of Vernopilla, suffered casualties.
In the Donetsk direction, the enemy fires at the positions of our troops along the entire line of contact with mortars, barrel and jet artillery. Uses operational-tactical and army aviation.
The main efforts are focused on the Siverodonetsk and Bakhmut areas.
With the support of artillery, the enemy is storming the town of Siverodonetsk, strengthened the group at the expense of the mobilization reserve of the 2nd Army Corps, fighting continues in the city.
The occupiers launched an offensive in the direction of the village of Ustynivka, but were unsuccessful.
In the Bakhmut direction, with the support of artillery, the enemy is advancing, has no success, according to the results of the fire damage from Ukrainian units, retreated.
In the Avdiivka and Kurakhiv directions, the enemy is conducting restraining and distracting actions.
In the Lyman direction, near the settlement of the Stary Caravan, the occupiers are trying to take control of the left bank of the river Siversky Donets.
The rate of advance of enemy units during hostilities in the Donetsk direction is low, due to the physical exhaustion of personnel and low moral and psychological condition.
In the South Buh direction, the enemy is conducting a positional defense and trying to carry out fire damage to our units.
The invaders are afraid of the resistance of the local population, which is growing in particular in the Kherson oblast. The leadership of the occupiers moves with a lot of security, in bulletproof vests, in armored vehicles. Locals continue to put up total resistance.
The situation in the Bessarabian direction, as well as in the Black Sea and Azov maritime operational zones has not changed significantly.
Three carriers of naval-based cruise missiles of the „Caliber“ type are ready for the use of missile weapons in the Black Sea.
In the past 24hrs, nine enemy attacks have been repulsed in Donetsk and Luhansk, one tank, one artillery system, six armored combat vehicles, two special armored vehicles and three units of motor vehicles have been destroyed. Air defense units shot down a cruise missile, a tactical reconnaissance UAV „Eleron“ and two UAV type „Orlan-10“.
• Das Briefing des russischen Verteidigungsministeriums:
High-precision air-based missiles have hit an AFU artillery training centre near Stetskovka, Sumy Region.
The foreign trainers who had arrived in the centre held practical exercises for Ukrainian servicemen related to using and firing control of M777 155-mm howitzers.
In addition, a missile attack has resulted in destroying a permanent base of foreign mercenaries near Dachnoye, Odessa Region.
Moreover, 27 areas of Ukrainian manpower and military equipment concentration, 2 command posts of the Ukrainian Armed Forces, 6 missile, artillery weapons, ammunition and fuel depots have been destroyed near Vesyoloye, Bakhmut (Donetsk People’s Republic), Spornoye, Podlesnoye and Loskutovka (Lugansk People’s Republic).
Operational-tactical, army and unmanned aviation have hit 54 areas of Ukrainian manpower and military equipment concentration.
In total, the aviation attacks have resulted in the elimination of more than 400 nationalists, 20 tanks and armoured vehicles, 4 BM-21 Grad multiple rocket launchers, 9 artillery mounts and 29 miscellaneous vehicles.
Russian air defence means have shot down a military transport airplane of the Ukrainian Air Force that was transporting armament and ammunition near Odessa.
In addition, 17 unmanned aerial vehicles have been destroyed near Popasnaya, Varvarovka, Stakhanov (Lugansk People’s Republic), Dementyevka, Volkhov Yar, Mospanovo, Novaya Gnilitsa, Doslipnoye, Bolshiye Prokhody, Kapitolovka (Kharkov Region), Novoaleksandrovka (Nikolayev Region) over the past 24 hours.
The abovementioned includes 2 Bayraktar-TB2 unmanned aerial vehicles hit by Russian air defence means near Kamenka, Nikolayev Region.
Missile troops and artillery have hit 33 command posts, 131 firing positions of AFU artillery units, as well as 542 manpower and military equipment concentration areas.
In total, 187 airplanes and 129 helicopters, 1,104 unmanned aerial vehicles, 328 anti-aircraft missile systems, 3,406 tanks and other armored combat vehicles, 466 multiple launch rocket systems, 1,769 field artillery and mortars, as well as 3,405 units of special military vehicles of the Armed Forces of Ukraine were destroyed during the operation.
• Das Abendbriefing des ukrainischen Generalstabs:
The operational update regarding the #russian_invasion on 18.00 on June 4, 2022.
The one hundred and first (101) day of the heroic resistance of the Ukrainian people to a russian military invasion continues.
russian occupiers continue to launch missile and air strikes on military and civilian infrastructure in Ukraine.
The situation in the Volyn and Polissya areas remained unchanged.
In the northern direction, the enemy did not take active action, no signs of the formation of strike groups were found. Enemy artillery shelling was recorded in the settlements of Starikove and Katerynivka, Sumy Oblast, and Kamyanska Sloboda, Chernihiv Oblast.
In the Slobozhansky direction, the enemy continues to concentrate reserves for attempts to continue offensive operations in the directions of the settlements of Izyum, Barvinkove and Slovyansk.
In the Kharkiv direction, the enemy is trying to keep the occupied borders and prevent the advance of units of the Defense Forces. Systematic fire continues on the positions of our troops.
In the Donetsk direction, the occupiers are trying to restrain the defenders of Ukraine by violating the logistics system. Fighting continues for the establishment of full control over the city of Siverodonetsk.
The enemy fired four missiles from the Tochka-U tactical missile system in the areas of Bakhmut, Kramatorsk, Kostiantynivka and Lysychansk. In addition, russian invaders launched airstrikes on the cities of Slavyansk and Soledar.
In the Lyman direction, the enemy used artillery near Svyatogorsk, Starodubivka and Mykolayivka.
In the Siverodonetsk direction, the enemy fired from artillery and rocket-propelled grenade launchers at the settlements of Siverodonetsk, Lysychansk, Ustynivka, and Toshkivka. It struck airstrikes with Ka-52 helicopters near Girske, Yakovlivka and Myrna Dolyna, and Su-25 planes near the town of Ustynivka.
In the Bakhmut direction, the enemy used mortars, artillery and rocket-propelled grenade launchers in the areas of Toretsk, New York, Vrubivka, and Pokrovske. It struck airstrikes with Ka-52 helicopters near Berestov and Klinov.
In the area of the city of Donetsk the enemy fired at the settlements of Mykilske, Krasnohorivka, Vesele and Novoselivka. He used weapons of Su-25 planes in the areas of Novomykhailivka and Marinka. Rocket and air strikes were inflicted on the village of Kurakhove.
In the Novopavlisk and Zaporizhzhia directions, the enemy used rocket-propelled grenade systems in the areas of Hulyaipole Orikhiv, and Zalizny Hai. An air strike by Su-25 aircraft was inflicted on the village of Kamyanske.
The situation in the South Buh area has not changed.
The enemy continues to block civilian shipping in the northwestern Black Sea.
Ukrainian defenders inflict losses on the russian occupiers in all areas where active hostilities continue.
In order to justify the destruction of civilian objects on the territory of Ukraine, the russian occupiers continue to spread information about the location of military units in schools, hospitals and churches.
We urge you to trust information only from verified sources and not to spread Russian fakes and misinformation.