Der Sonderbeauftragte der US-Regierung für den Wiederaufbau Afghanistans hat am (heutigen) Sonntag seinen routinemäßigen Quartalsbericht für den U.S. Congress vorgelegt. Zusammen mit dem 280 Seiten umfassenden Bericht hob das Büro des Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR) einige sehr ernüchternde Fakten heraus, eine kurze düstere Übersicht (nein, ich habe nicht nur die negativen Punkte herausgesucht, es gab keine positiven):
• Past gains are eroding: poverty, unemployment, underemployment, violence, outmigration, internal displacement, and the education gender gap have all increased, while services and private investment have decreased.
• Fifteen years after the United States ousted the Taliban regime, Afghanistan remains one of the worst places in the world to be a woman.
• USFOR-A reported that approximately 63.4% of the country’s districts are under Afghan government control or influence as of August 28, 2016, a decrease from the 65.6% reported as of May 28, 2016. Of Afghanistan’s 407 districts, 258 districts were under government control (88 districts) or influence (170), 33 districts were under insurgent control (8) or influence (25), and 116 districts were „contested.“
• According to USFOR-A, from January 1, 2016, through August 19, 2016, 5,523 ANDSF service members were killed and an additional 9,665 members were wounded.
• From January 1, 2015, through August 19, 2016, there were 101 insider attacks in which ANDSF personnel turned on fellow ANDSF security forces, killing 257 and wounding 125.
• The ANDSF lacks a risk-management system and therefore relies heavily on U.S. forces to prevent strategic failure.
• Nearly 23% of Afghanistan’s labor force was unemployed in 2013-2014, almost triple the level of the 2011-2012 surge years.
• 85,075 Afghans sought asylum for the first time in the EU in the first six months of 2016. The number of asylum applications from April to June was 83% higher compared to the same period in 2015.
Nachtrag: Die Washington Post hat den Bericht unter einem anderen Aspekt ausgewertet:
(Archivbild: Der Kommandeur der Resolute Support Mission, US-General Jochn Nicholson, mit Afghanen – Foto Resolute Support)