Die gezielten russischen Angriffe auf die Energie-Infrastruktur der Ukraine, so die Einschätzung britischer Nachrichtendienste, sind kein aus der Entwicklung des Kriegs entwickeltes Vorgehen – sondern eine bereits lange zuvor geplante Strategie. Und jetzt auch offiziell: Deutschland wil sieben weitere Gepard-Flugabwehrkanonenpanzer liefern. Der Sammler am 1. Dezember 2022:
• Update: Später als üblich hat die Bundesregierung ihre wöchentliche Liste der militärischen Unterstützungsleistungen für die Ukraine am (heutigen) Donnerstag aktualisiert. Das hat einen offensichtlichen Grund: Auf der am 1. Dezember publizierten Liste wird die Lieferung von weiteren sieben Flugabwehrkanonenpanzern des Typs Gepard angekündigt.
Auf der aktuellen Liste stehen als neue Lieferungen seit der vorangegangenen Liste vom 23. November:
3 Brückenlegepanzer BIBER*
10 Überwasserdrohnen* (zuvor: 2)
65 Grenzschutzfahrzeuge* (zuvor: 53)
14.000 Schlafsäcke (zuvor: 10.000)
und als neu zugesagte und geplante Lieferungen
7 Flakpanzer GEPARD*
100.000 Erste-Hilfe Kits*
(Mit dem * sind Lieferungen aus Industriebeständen gekennzeichnet)
Den Plan, über die 30 bereits gelieferten Systeme weitere Gepard-Flugabwehrkanonen zu liefern, hatte Bundeskanzler Olaf Scholz schon am vergangenen Dienstag bei einer Pressekonferenz nach dem Treffen mit Vertretern von internationalen Finanz- und Wirtschaftsorganisationen angekündigt:
Frage: Herr Bundeskanzler, Sie haben mit dem ukrainischen Präsidenten Selensky telefoniert. Die Ukraine wünscht sich Patriot-Abwehrsysteme. Die Bundesregierung hat diese Systeme Polen angeboten. Polen ist bereit, die Kiew zu überlassen. Wann werden wir dann deutsche Patriot-Systeme auf ukrainischem Boden sehen?
BK Scholz: Die Ukraine, der ukrainische Präsident, hat sich sehr für die sehr umfassende Unterstützung Deutschlands in finanzieller und humanitärer Hinsicht, aber eben auch, was die Waffenlieferungen betrifft, bedankt. Gerade die Artillerie und die Luftverteidigung beziehungsweise Luftabwehr, die wir zur Verfügung stellen, haben ganz erhebliche Auswirkungen auf die Fähigkeit der Ukraine, die eigene Integrität und Souveränität zu gewährleisten. Gerade haben wir noch einmal neue Liefermöglichkeiten für Gepard-Panzer auf den Weg gebracht und werden auch weiter daran arbeiten, das sehr effiziente System IRIS-T zur Verfügung zu stellen.
Unser Angebot an die polnische Regierung zum Schutz des eigenen Landes ist immer noch nicht vom Tisch und ist noch da.
• Das britische Intel Update:
Since October 2022, Russia has repeatedly attacked Ukraine’s electricity distribution grid, primarily with cruise missiles.
This is likely the first example of Russia attempting to implement the concept of a Strategic Operation for the Destruction of Critically Important Targets (SODCIT), a key component of the military doctrine it has adopted in recent years.
Russia envisioned SODCIT as using long-range missiles to strike an enemy state’s critical national infrastructure, rather than its military forces, to demoralise the population and ultimately force the state’s leaders to capitulate.
Russia’s strikes continue to cause power shortages resulting in indiscriminate, widespread humanitarian suffering across Ukraine.
However, its effectiveness as a strategy has likely been blunted because Russia has already expended a large proportion of its suitable missiles against tactical targets.
Also, with Ukraine having successfully mobilised for nine months, material and psychological effect of the SODCIT is likely less than if it was deployed in the initial period of a war.
Operational update regarding russian invasion as of 06.00, December 1, 2022
The two hundred eighty-first (281) day of the heroic resistance of the Ukrainian people to the russian military large-scale invasion continues.
russian enemy continues armed aggression against our state, does not stop striking civilian infrastructure objects, violating the norms of International Humanitarian Law, laws and customs of war. It concentrates its main efforts on conducting offensive actions in the Bakhmut and Avdiivka areas.
Over the past day, units of the Defense Forces repelled attacks by russian invaders in the areas of settlements: Novoselivske, Stelmakhivka and Bilogorivka in the Luhansk oblast and Bilohorivka, Yakovlivka, Bakhmut, Kurdyumivka, Krasnohorivka, Kamianka, Vodiane, Pervomaiske and Maryinka in the Donetsk oblast.
In order to prevent the advance of Ukrainian soldiers in Svatove and Lyman directions, the enemy is carrying out engineering equipment of the defense line. Enemy continues the movement of personnel, ammunition, and fuel and lubricants to equip and support new units and those that have suffered losses.
Over the past day, the enemy launched 2 missile attacks on civilian objects in the settlement of Komyshuvakha, Zaporizhzhia oblast, against the positions of our troops and populated areas, including the city of Kherson.
There is still a threat of the occupiers carrying out rocket strikes on the objects of the energy system and critical infrastructure throughout the territory of Ukraine.
In the Volyn and Polissya directions, the situation has not changed significantly, and no signs of the formation of enemy offensive groups have been detected. On the training fields of the republic of belarus, the training of individual units of the enemy continues.
In the Siverskyi direction, the invaders carried out artillery shelling of the settlements of Seredyna Buda, Bachivsk, Bilopylla, Budky and Krasnopilla of the Sumy oblast.
In the Slobozhansk direction, the enemy continues to maintain its troops in the border areas of the Belgorod region. The areas of Veterynarne, Kozacha Lopan, Vysoka Yaruga, Strilecha, Krasne, Starytsa, Ohirtseve, Budarky, Chuhunivka, Dvorichna and Zapadne settlements of Kharkiv oblast were shelled by russian artillery.
The enemy is defending in the Kupyansk and Lyman directions. Enemy fire was recorded in the areas of Kupyansk, Kyslivka, Kotlyarivka, Tabaivka, Krokhmalne, Berestove, Druzhelyubivka in the Kharkiv oblast and Novoselivske, Stelmakhivka, Makiivka and Bilohorivka in the Luhansk oblast.
In the Bakhmut direction, the enemy will continue to focus its main efforts on conducting offensive operations. Objects in the areas of Verkhnokamyanske, Spirne, Vyimka, Bilohorivka, Yakovlivka, Soledar, Bakhmutske, Bakhmut, Chasiv Yar, Opytne, Klishchiivka, Pivnivhe, Zalizne and New York areas were shelled by tanks, mortars, barrel and rocket artillery.
In the Avdiivka direction, the enemy is trying to improve the tactical position. Objects in the areas of settlements of Avdiivka, Vodyane, Pervomaiske, Nevelske, Krasnohorivka, Maryinka and Novomykhailivka of the Donetsk oblast were hit by fire from tanks and artillery of various types.
The enemy is defending in the Novopavlivsk direction. Shelling from the entire range of artillery was recorded in the areas of Vuhledar, Bohoyavlenka, Prechystivka, and Velyka Novosilka in Donetsk oblast.
The enemy is conducting defensive operations in the Zaporizhzhia direction. It carried out artillery shelling in the areas of the settlements of Zahirne, Orihiv, Novoandriyivka, Mali Shcherbaky and Plavni in the Zaporizhia oblast and Nikopol in the Dnipropetrovsk oblast.
In the Kherson direction, the enemy is defending previously occupied lines. Areas of settlements located on the right bank of the Dnipro River in the Kherson oblast were subjected to artillery and tank shelling. The enemy does not stop shelling the suburbs and the city of Kherson itself.
A decrease in the number of russian soldiers and military equipment is observed in the settlement of Oleshky. Enemy troops were withdrawn from certain settlements of the Kherson oblast and dispersed in forest strips along the section of the Oleshka – Hola Prystan highway. The main part of the troops are mobilized persons.
The russian occupiers continue to use civilian facilities in the temporarily occupied territories. Thus, the invaders set up a field hospital in a school in one of the settlements of the Zaporizhzhia oblast. At the same time, during November 28-29, the evacuation of wounded invaders by a convoy of trucks and buses moving towards Melitopol was recorded.
During the past 24 hours, the aviation of the Defense Forces made 17 strikes on the enemy’s areas of concentration of personnel, weapons and military equipment, as well as 4 strikes on the positions of its anti-aircraft missile systems.
At the same time, Ukrainian units shot down an unmanned aerial vehicle (probably of the „Orlan-10“ type). The information is being clarified.
Over the past 24 hours, units of missile forces and artillery of the Defense Forces have hit 7 areas of concentration of personnel and weapons and military equipment, a warehouse of fuel and lubricants, as well as 5 other important enemy objects.
• Das Briefing des russischen Verteidigungsministeriums:
Russian Defence Ministry report on the progress of the special military operation in Ukraine (1 December 2022)
Russian Federation Armed Forces continue the special military operation.
In Donetsk direction, as a result of the offensive actions of Russian troops, the settlement of Andreevka (Donetsk People’s Republic) has been completely liberated. More than 40 Ukrainian servicemen, two tanks, and five armoured fighting vehicles have been destroyed.
In Kupyansk direction, the enemy’s attempt to attack in the direction of the settlement of Kuzemovka (Lugansk People’s Republic) was thwarted by preemptive artillery fire, heavy flamethrower systems, and army aviation strikes. More than 60 Ukrainian servicemen, six tanks, five armoured fighting vehicles, and four cars were destroyed.
In Krasny Liman direction, a company tactical group of the Armed Forces of Ukraine was hit by fire in the area of Stelmakhovka (Lugansk People’s Republic). In addition, artillery fire and army aviation strikes foiled the enemy’s attempt to attack in the direction of the settlement of Chervonopopovka (Lugansk People’s Republic). The enemy’s losses during the day in this direction amounted to up to 20 Ukrainian servicemen killed and wounded, one tank, and four armoured fighting vehicles.
In South Donetsk direction, the AFU units unsuccessfully tried to counterattack the positions of Russian troops in the areas of the settlements of Novomikhailovka and Vladimirovka (Donetsk People’s Republic). As a result of the fire damage and actions of the Russian troops, all counterattacks were repulsed. The enemy has been driven back to its initial positions. More than 30 Ukrainian personnel, four armoured fighting vehicles, and three pickup trucks were eliminated.
Operational-Tactical and Army Aviation, Missile Troops and Artillery annihilated three points of temporary deployment of units of foreign mercenaries close to Slavyansk (Donetsk People’s Republic), as well as 85 artillery units in firing positions, manpower and military equipment in 162 districts.
During the counter-battery fighting close to Orekhovatka (Donetsk People’s Republic), an American HIMARS MLRS launcher with ammunition and crew was engaged. Two AN/TPQ-37 American counter-battery radar stations have been destroyed near Krivaya Luka and Markovo (Donetsk People’s Republic). Three stores of rocket and artillery weaponry and ammunition of the Armed Forces of Ukraine were destroyed in the areas of Volnoye Pole (Donetsk People’s Republic) and Orekhov (Zaporozhye region).
Russian air defence systems shot down three Ukrainian unmanned aerial vehicles during the day in the areas of Zhitlovka, Chervonopopovka (Lugansk People’s Republic) and the city of Donetsk. Moreover, eight HIMARS and Olkha MLRS were intercepted in the areas of Svatovo (Lugansk People’s Republic), Novoye (Zaporozhye region), Zeleny Gai, and Zhdanovka (Donetsk People’s Republic).
In total, 334 airplanes and 177 helicopters, 2,592 unmanned aerial vehicles, 391 air defence missile systems, 6,930 tanks and other armoured combat vehicles, 905 combat vehicles equipped with MLRS, 3,642 field artillery cannons and mortars, as well as 7,431 units of special military equipment have been destroyed during the special military operation.
Operational update regarding russian invasion as of 18.00, December 1, 2022
The two hundred eighty-first (281) day of the heroic resistance of the Ukrainian people to the russian military large-scale invasion continues.
During the day, the enemy launched a missile attack on the positions of our troops on the territory of the Kharkiv oblast. It carried out 16 airstrikes, in particular on the settlement of Bilohirya in the Zaporizhzhia oblast, and shelled the city of Kherson with MLRS.
There is still a threat of the enemy launching missile strikes on the objects of the energy system and critical infrastructure throughout the territory of Ukraine.
In the Volyn and Polissya directions, the situation has not changed significantly, and no signs of the formation of enemy offensive groups have been detected.
In the Siverskyi direction, the enemy carried out mortar and artillery attacks on the settlements of Kostobobriv and Hremyach in the Chernihiv oblast and Havrylova Sloboda, Seredyna Buda, Pustohorod, Bachivsk, Vilna Sloboda, Budky, Bilopillya and Krasnopillya in the Sumy oblast.
In the Slobozhanskyi direction, the enemy continues to maintain its troops in the border areas of the Belgorod region. Areas of the settlements of Huryiv Kozachok, Krasne, Zelene, Slobozhanske, Ohirtseve, Bochkove, Mala Vovcha, Budarky, Dvorichna and Zapadne of Kharkiv oblast were shelled by enemy artillery of various types.
The enemy is defending in the Kupyansk and Lyman directions. It shelled the areas of Tabaivka, Krokhmalne and Berestove settlements of Kharkiv oblast with tanks, mortars, barrel and jet artillery; Stelmakhivka, Myasozharivka, Makiivka and Ploschanka in the Luhansk oblast and Torske in the Donetsk oblast.
In the Bakhmut direction, the enemy will continue to focus its main efforts on conducting offensive operations. Objects in the Serebryanka, Verkhnyokamyanske, Spirne, Rozdolivka, Bilohorivka, Yakovlivka, Soledar, Bakhmutske, Bakhmut, Zalizne and New York districts of the Donetsk oblast were hit by fire from tanks and artillery.
In the Avdiivka direction, the enemy continues to try to improve the tactical position. Objects in Avdiyivka, Pervomaiskyi, Vodyane, Vesele, Krasnohorivka and Maryinka areas in Donetsk oblast were hit by enemy fire from tanks and artillery of various types.
The enemy is conducting defensive operations in the Novopavlivsk direction. Shelling by the occupiers of Vremivka, Velyka Novosilka, Bohoyavlenka, Paraskoviivka, Zolota Nyva, Prechystivka, Vuhledar and Pavlivka areas of the Donetsk oblast was recorded.
The enemy is also on the defensive in the Zaporizhzhia direction. It carried out artillery shelling in the areas of Nikopol, Kamianske, Novoandriyivka, Zaliznychne, Hulyaipole, Dorozhnyanka and Bilohirya in the Zaporizhia oblast and Ilyinka in the Dnipropetrovsk oblast.
In the Kherson direction, the enemy is defending previously occupied lines. In particular, Kachkarivka, Respublikanets, Matrosivka, Tokarivka and Antonivka of the Kherson region came under fire. The enemy does not stop terrorizing the inhabitants of the city of Kherson with artillery.
According to the available information, the russian occupation forces are withdrawing separate units and preparing for evacuation the personnel of the occupation administrations of the settlements of the temporarily occupied territory of the Zaporizhia region. Thus, units based in the local police station and one of the educational institutions left Mykhailivka settlement. In the settlements of Polohy and Inzhenerne, the occupiers leave the houses where they were quartered and take away the stolen property. In the village of Burchak, the occupation authorities are conducting a census for the so-called voluntary evacuation of the population.
It has been confirmed that units of the Defense Forces hit enemy manpower concentrations in the previous days. In the settlements of Myrne, Tokmak, Inzhenerne, Polohy, Yasne and Kinsky Rozdory of the Zaporizhzhia oblast, the enemy lost more than 230 people wounded, more than 15 units of military equipment of various types and ammunition depots were destroyed. Information on eliminated occupiers is being clarified.
During the current day, the aviation of the Defense Forces made 14 strikes on the areas of concentration of personnel, weapons and military equipment, as well as 3 strikes on the positions of the enemy’s anti-aircraft missile systems.